SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    . Ishikawa H, Ziff M: Electron microscopic observations of immunoreactive cells in the rheumatoid synovial membrane. Arthritis Rheum 19: 114, 1976
  • 2
    . Konttinen YT, Nykanen P, Nordstrom D, Saari H, Sandelin J, Santavirta S, Kouri T: DNA synthesis in prolyl 4-hydroxylase positive fibroblasts in situ in synovial tissue: an autoradiography-immunoperoxidase double labeling study. J Rheumatol 16: 339345, 1989
  • 3
    . Nykanen P, Bergroth V, Raunio P, Nordstrom D, Konttinen YT: Phenotypic characterization of 3H-thymidine incorporating cells in rheumatoid arthritis synovial membrane. Rheumatol Int 6: 269271, 1986
  • 4
    . Lalor PA, Mapp PI, Hall PA, Revell PA: Proliferative activity of cells in the synovium as demonstrated by a monoclonal antibody, Ki67. Rheumatol Int 7: 183186, 1987
  • 5
    . Cush JJ, Lipsky PE: Phenotypic analysis of synovial tissue and peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 31: 12301238, 1988
  • 6
    . Firestein GS, Xu WD, Townsend K, Broide D, Alvaro-Gracia J, Glasebrook A, Zvaifler NJ: Cytokines in chronic inflammatory arthritis. I. Failure to detect T cell lymphokines (IL-2 and IL-3) and presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) and a novel mast cell growth factor in rheumatoid synovitis. J Exp Med 168: 15731586, 1988
  • 7
    . Laffon A, Sánchez-Madrid F, Ortíz de Landázuri M, Jiménez Cuesta A, Ariza A, Ossorio C, Sabando P: Very late activation antigen on synovial fluid T cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic diseases. Arthritis Rheum 32: 386392, 1989
  • 8
    . Miossec P, Naviliat M, Sany J, Banchereau J: Interleukin 4 in rheumatoid synovitis (abstract). Arthritis Rheum 32 (suppl 4): S152, 1989
  • 9
    . Firestein GS, Zvaifler NJ: Peripheral blood and synovial fluid monocyte activation in inflammatory arthritis. II. Low levels of synovial fluid and synovial tissue interferon suggest that γ-interferon is not the primary macrophage activating factor. Arthritis Rheum 30: 864871, 1987
  • 10
    . Saxne T, Palladino MA Jr, Heinegård D, Talal N, Wollheim FA: Detection of tumor necrosis factor α but not tumor necrosis factor β in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fluid and serum. Arthritis Rheum 31: 10411045, 1988
  • 11
    . Bergroth V, Zvaifler NJ, Firestein GS: Cytokines in chronic inflammatory arthritis. III. Rheumatoid arthritis monocytes are not unusually sensitive to γ-interferon, but have defective γ-interferon-mediated HLA-DQ and HLA-DR induction. Arthritis Rheum 32: 10741079, 1989
  • 12
    . Kidd BL, Moore K, Walters MT, Smith JL, Cawley MI: Immunohistological features of synovitis in ankylosing spondylitis: a comparison with rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 48: 9298, 1989
  • 13
    . Lasky HP, Bauer K, Pope RM: Increased helper inducer and decreased suppressor inducer phenotypes in the rheumatoid joint. Arthritis Rheum 31: 5259, 1988
  • 14
    . Winterrowd GE, Sanders ME: Human memory T cells are less responsive to interleukins 1, 2, and 4 than naive T cells (abstract). Arthritis Rheum 32 (suppl 4): S111, 1989
  • 15
    . Hafler DA, Duby AD, Lee SJ, Benjamin D, Seidman JG, Weiner HL: Oligoclonal T lymphocytes in the cerebro-spinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis. J Exp Med 167: 13131322, 1988
  • 16
    . Moller DR, Konishi K, Kirby M, Balbi B, Crystal RG: Bias toward use of a specific T cell receptor β-chain variable region in a subgroup of individuals with sarcoidosis. J Clin Invest 82: 11831191, 1988
  • 17
    . Acha-Orbea H, Mitchell DJ, Timmerman L, Wraith DC, Tausch GS, Waldor MK, Zamvil SS, McDevitt HO, Steinman L: Limited heterogeneity of T cell receptors from lymphocytes mediating autoimmune intervention. Cell 54: 263273, 1988
  • 18
    . Stamenkovic I, Stegagno M, Wright KA, Krane SM, Amento EP, Colvin RB, Duquesnoy RJ, Kurnick JT: Clonal dominance among T lymphocyte infiltrates in arthritis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 85: 11791183, 1988
  • 19
    . Duby AD, Sinclair AK, Osborne-Lawrence SL, Zeldes W, Kan L, Fox DA: Clonal heterogeneity of synovial fluid T lymphocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86: 62066210, 1989
  • 20
    . Brennan FM, Allard S, Londei M, Savill C, Boylston A, Carrel S, Maini RN, Feldmann M: Heterogeneity of T cell receptor idiotypes in rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Exp Immunol 73: 417423, 1988
  • 21
    . Savill CM, Delves PJ, Kioussis D, Walker P, Lydyard PM, Colaco B, Shipley M, Roitt IM: A minority of patients with rheumatoid arthritis show a dominant rearrangement of T cell receptor β-chain genes in synovial lymphocytes. Scand J Immunol 25: 629635, 1987
  • 22
    . Keystone EC, Minden M, Klock R, Poplonski L, Zalcberg J, Takadera T, Mak TW: Structure of T cell antigen receptor β chain in synovial fluid cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 31: 15551557, 1988
  • 23
    . Sakkas LI, Demaine AG, Welsh KI, Panayi GS: Restriction fragment length polymorphism for the T cell receptor α and β chain genes in rheumatoid arthritis (letter). Arthritis Rheum 30: 231232, 1987
  • 24
    . Brennan FM, Londei M, Jackson AM, Hercend T, Brenner MB, Maini RN, Feldmann M: T cells expressing gamma delta chain receptors in rheumatoid arthritis. J Autoimmun 1: 319326, 1988
  • 25
    . Hill Gaston JS, Life PF, Bailey LC, Bacon PA: In vitro responses to a 65-kilodalton mycobacterial protein by synovial T cells from inflammatory arthritis patients. J Immunol 143: 24942500, 1989
  • 26
    . Fullmer MA, Shen J-Y, Modlin RL, Rea TH: Immunohistological evidence of lymphokine production and lymphocyte activation antigens in tuberculin reactions. Clin Exp Immunol 67: 383390, 1987
  • 27
    . Solovera JJ, Farinas MC, Strober S: Changes in B lymphocyte function in rheumatoid arthritis and lupusnephritis after total lymphoid irradiation. Arthritis Rheum 31: 14811491, 1988
  • 28
    . Fontana A, Hengartner H, Weber E, Fehr K, Grob PJ, Cohen G: Interleukin 1 activity in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatol Int 2: 4953, 1982
  • 29
    . Wood DD, Ihrie EJ, Dinarello CA, Cohen PL: Isolation of an interleukin-1-like factor from human joint effusions. Arthritis Rheum 26: 975983, 1983
  • 30
    . Nouri AME, Panayi GS, Goodman SM: Cytokines andthe chronic inflammation of rheumatic disease. I. The presence of interleukin-1 in synovial fluids. Clin Exp Immunol 55: 295302, 1984
  • 31
    . Miossec P, Dinarello CA, Ziff M: Interleukin-1 lymphocyte chemotactic activity in rheumatoid arthritis synovial fluid. Arthritis Rheum 29: 461470, 1986
  • 32
    . Guerne P-A, Zuraw BL, Vaughan JH, Carson DA, Lotz M: Synovium as a source of interleukin 6 in vitro: contribution to local and systemic manifestations of arthritis. J Clin Invest 83: 585592, 1989
  • 33
    . Hirano T, Matsuda T, Turner M, Miyasaka N, Buchan G, Tang B, Sato K, Shimizu M, Maini R, Feldmann M, Kishimoto T: Excessive production of interleukin 6/B cell stimulatory factor-2 in rheumatoid arthritis. Eur J Immunol 18: 17971801, 1988
  • 34
    . Xu WD, Firestein GS, Taetle R, Kaushansky K, Zvaifler NJ: Cytokines in chronic inflammatory arthritis. II. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in rheumatoid synovial effusions. J Clin Invest 83: 876882, 1989
  • 35
    . Firestein GS, Alvaro-Gracia JM, Maki R: Quantitative analysis of cytokine gene expression in rheumatoid arthritis. J Immunol (in press)
  • 36
    . López-Bote JP, Bernabeu C, Marquet A, Fernández JM, Larraga V: Adjuvant-induced polyarthritis: synovial cell activation prior to polyarthritis onset. Arthritis Rheum 31: 769775, 1988
  • 37
    . Gay S, O'Sullivan FX, Gay RE, Koopman WJ: Humoral sensitivity to nature collagen types I-IV in arthritis of MRL/1 mice. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 45: 6369, 1987
  • 38
    . Kaushansky K, Lin N, Adamson JW: Interleukin 1 stimulates fibroblasts to synthesize granulocyte-macrophage and granulocyte colony-stimulating factors. J Clin Invest 81: 9297, 1988
  • 39
    . Dayer J-M, de Rochemonteix B, Burrus B, Demczuk S, Dinarello CA: Human recombinant interleukin 1 stimulates collagenase and prostaglandin E2 production by human synovial cells. J Clin Invest 77: 645648, 1986
  • 40
    . Dayer J-M, Beutler B, Cerami A: Cachectin/tumor necrosis factor stimulates collagenase and prostaglandin E2 production by human synovial cells and dermal fibroblasts. J Exp Med 162: 21632168, 1985
  • 41
    . Morrissey PJ, Bressler L, Park LS, Alpert A, Gillis S: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor augments the primary antibody response by enhancing the function of antigen-presenting cells. J Immunol 139: 11131119, 1987
  • 42
    . Alvaro-Gracia JM, Zvaifler NJ, Firestein GS: Cytokines in chronic inflammatory arthritis. IV. GM-CSF mediated induction of class II MHC antigen on human monocytes:a possible role in rheumatoid arthritis. J Exp Med 170: 865876, 1989
  • 43
    . Streeter PR, Berg EL, Rouse BT, Bargatze RF, Butcher EC: A tissue-specific endothelial cell molecule involved in lymphocyte homing. Nature 331: 4146, 1988
  • 44
    . Cavender D, Haskard D, Yu C-L, Iguchi T, Miossec P, Oppenheimer-Marks N, Ziff M: Pathways to chronic inflammation in rheumatoid synovitis. Fed Proc 46: 113117, 1987
  • 45
    . Hale LP, Martin ME, McCollum DE, Nunley JA, Springer TA, Singer KH, Haynes BF: Immunohistologic analysis of the distribution of cell adhesion molecules within the inflammatory synovial microenvironment. Arthritis Rheum 32: 2230, 1989
  • 46
    . Sanders ME, Makgoba MW, Shaw S: Human naive and memory T cells: reinterpretation of helper-inducer and suppressor inducer subsets. Immunol Today 9: 195199, 1988
  • 47
    . Salmon M, Kitas GD, Emery P: Another interpretationof the role of T helper cells in the rheumatoid synovium. Arthritis Rheum 32: 795796, 1989
  • 48
    . Clark EA, Lanier LL: In search of cell surface molecules expressed in human leukocytes. J Clin Immunol 9: 265272, 1989