• 1
    American Rheumatism Association Glossary Committee: Dictionary of the Rheumatic Diseases. Volume I: Signs and Symptoms. New York, Contact Associates, 1982
  • 2
    Thompson PW, Silman AJ, Kirwan JR, Currey HLF: Articular indices of joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis: correlation with the acute-phase response. Arthritis Rheum 30: 618623, 1987
  • 3
    Fuchs HA, Brooks RH, Callahan LF, Pincus T: A simplified twenty-eight–joint quantitative articular index in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 32: 531537, 1989
  • 4
    Ritchie DM, Boyle JA, McInnes JM, Jasani MK, Dalakos TG, Grieveson P, Buchanan WW: Clinical studies with an articular index for the assessment of joint tenderness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Q J Med 37: 393406, 1968
  • 5
    Williams HJ, Ward JR, Reading JC, Egger MJ, Grandone JT, Samuelson CO, Furst DE, Sullivan JM, Watson MA, Guttadauria M, Cathcart ES, Kaplan SB, Halla JT, Weinstein A, Plotz PH: Low-dose D-penicillamine therapy in rheumatoid arthritis: a controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum 26: 581592, 1983
  • 6
    Egger MJ, Huth DA, Ward JR, Reading JC, Williams HJ: Reduced joint count indices in the evaluation of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 28: 613619, 1985
  • 7
    Williams HJ, Willkens RF, Samuelson CO Jr, Alarcón GS, Guttadauria M, Yarboro C, Polisson RP, Weiner SR, Luggen ME, Billingsley LM, Dahl SL, Egger MJ, Reading JC, Ward JR: Comparison of low-dose oral pulse methotrexate and placebo in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: a controlled clinical trial. Arthritis Rheum 28: 721730, 1985
  • 8
    Williams HJ, Ward JR, Dahl SL, Clegg DO, Willkens RF, Oglesby T, Weisman MH, Schlegel W, Michaels RM, Luggen ME, Polisson RP, Singer JZ, Kantor SM, Shiroky JB, Small RE, Gomez MI, Reading JC, Egger MJ: A controlled trial comparing sulfasalazine, gold sodium thiomalate, and placebo in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 31: 702713, 1988
  • 9
    Lansbury J, Haut DD: Quantitation of the manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. IV. Area of joint surfaces as an index to total joint inflammation and deformity. Am J Med Sci 232: 150155, 1956
  • 10
    Kazis LE, Anderson JJ, Meenan RF: Effect sizes for interpreting changes in health status. Med Care 27 (Suppl): S178S189, 1989
  • 11
    Anderson JJ, Chernoff MC: Sensitivity to change of rheumatoid arthritis clinical trial outcome measures. J Rheumatol 20: 535537, 1993
  • 12
    Pincus T, Brooks RH, Callahan LF: Prediction of long-term mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to simple questionnaire and joint count measures. Ann Intern Med 120: 2634, 1994