SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Hochberg MC: The epidemiology of lupus erythematosus. In, Dubois' Lupus Erythematosus. Fourth edition. Edited by DJWallace, BHHahn. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1993
  • 2
    Serdula MK, Rhoads GG: Frequency of systemic lupus erythematosus in different ethnic groups in Hawaii. Arthritis Rheum 22: 328333, 1979
  • 3
    Fessel WJ: Systemic lupus erythematosus in the community: incidence, prevalence, outcome, and first symptoms; the high prevalence in black women. Arch Intern Med 134: 10271035, 1974
  • 4
    Chou CT, Lee FT, Schumacher HR: Modification of a screening technique to evaluate systemic lupus erythematosus in a Chinese population in Taiwan. J Rheumatol 13: 806809, 1986
  • 5
    Chang NC: Rheumatic diseases in China. J Rheumatol 10: 4145, 1983
  • 6
    Office of Population Censuses and Surveys: Census Data. London, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1991
  • 7
    Tan EM, Cohen AS, Fries JF, Masi AT, McShane DJ, Rothfield NF, Schaller JG, Talal N, Winchester RJ: The 1982 revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 25: 12711277, 1982
  • 8
    Hay EM, Bacon PA, Gordon C, Isenberg DA, Maddison P, Snaith ML, Symmons DPM, Viner N, Zoma A: The BILAG index: a reliable and valid instrument for measuring clinical disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Q J Med 86: 447458, 1993
  • 9
    Kramer SM: Clinical epidemiology and biostatistics. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag, 1988
  • 10
    Gardner MJ, Altman DG: Statistics with Confidence: Confidence Intervals and Statistical Guidelines. London, British Medical Journal, 1989
  • 11
    Wittes JT, Colton T, Sidel VW: Capture-recapture methods for assessing the completeness of case ascertainment when using multiple information sources. J Chron Dis 27: 2536, 1974
  • 12
    Samanta A, Roy S, Feehally J, Symmons DPM: The prevalence of diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus in whites and Indian Asian immigrants in Leicester city, UK. Br J Rheumatol 31: 679682, 1993
  • 13
    Samanta A, Feehally J, Roy S, Nichol FE, Sheldon PJ, Wallis J: High prevalence of systemic disease and mortality in Asian subjects with SLE. Ann Rheum Dis 50: 490492, 1991
  • 14
    Hopkinson ND, Doherty M, Powell RJ: The prevalence and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in Nottingham, UK, 1989–1990. Br J Rheumatol 32: 110115, 1993
  • 15
    Jonsson H, Nived O, Sturfelt G: Outcome in systemic lupus erythematosus: a prospective study of patients from a defined population. Medicine 68: 141150, 1989
  • 16
    Gudmundsson S, Steinsson K: Systemic lupus erythematosus in Iceland 1975 through 1984: a nationwide epidemiological study in an unselected population. J Rheumatol 17: 11621167, 1990
  • 17
    McCarty DJ, Kwoh CK, Manzi S, La Porte RE, Medsger TA: Incidence of SLE: race and gender differences (abstract). Arthritis Rheum 36 (suppl 9): S45, 1993
  • 18
    Hopkinson N: Epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus. Ann Rheum Dis 51: 12921294, 1992
  • 19
    Symmons DP: Review of UK data in the rheumatic diseases. VIII. Systemic lupus erythematosus. Br J Rheumatol 30: 288290, 1991
  • 20
    Reeves WH, Lahita RG: Clinical presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus in the adult. In, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Second edition. Edited by RG Lahita. New York, Churchill Livingstone, 1992
  • 21
    Siegel M, Lee SL: The epidemiology of systemic lupus erythematosus. Semin Arthritis Rheum 3: 154, 1973
  • 22
    Estes D, Christian CL: The natural history of systemic lupus erythematosus by prospective analysis. Medicine 50: 8595, 1971
  • 23
    Jonsson H, Nived O, Sturfelt G, Silman A: Estimating the incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus in a defined population using multiple sources of retrieval. Br J Rheumatol 29: 185188, 1990
  • 24
    Reveille JD, Bartolucci A, Alarcón GS: Prognosis in systemic lupus erythematosus: negative impact of increasing age at onset, black race, and thrombocytopenia, as well as causes of death. Arthritis Rheum 33: 3748, 1990
  • 25
    Pistiner M, Wallace DJ, Nessim S, Metzger AL, Klinenberg JR: Lupus erythematosus in the 1980s: a survey of 570 patients. Semin Arthritis Rheum 21: 5564, 1991
  • 26
    Johnson AE, Gordon C, Palmer RG, Bacon PA: SLE disease activity among different ethnic groups in Birmingham, UK (abstract). Br J Rheumatol 32 (Suppl 2): 30, 1993
  • 27
    Nossent JC: Systemic lupus erythematosus on the Caribbean island of Curacao: an epidemiological investigation. Ann Rheum Dis 51: 11971201, 1992
  • 28
    Taylor HG, Stein CM: Systemic lupus erythematosus in Zimbabwe. Ann Rheum Dis 45: 645648, 1986
  • 29
    Kanyerezi BR, Lutalo SK, Kigonya E: Systemic lupus erythematosus: clinical presentation among Ugandan Africans. East Afr Med J 57: 274278, 1980
  • 30
    Greenwood BM: Autoimmune disease and parasitic infections in Nigerians. Lancet 2: 380382, 1968
  • 31
    Arnett FC: The genetic basis of lupus erythematosus. In, Dubois' Lupus Erythematosus. Fourth edition. Edited by DJ Wallace, BH Hahn. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1993
  • 32
    Balarajan R, Raleigh VS, Yuen P: Hospital care among ethnic minorities in Britain. Health Trends 23: 9093, 1991
  • 33
    Liang MH, Meenan RF, Cathcart ES, Schur PH: A screening strategy for population studies in systemic lupus erythematosus: series design. Arthritis Rheum 23: 153157, 1980
  • 34
    Johnson AE, Gordon C, Bacon PA: Undiagnosed cases of systemic lupus erythematosus in general practice (abstract). Br J Rheumatol 33 (Suppl 2): 12, 1994