Effects of stress management on clinical outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1995 American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 38, Issue 12, pages 1807–1818, December 1995
How to Cite
Parker, J. C., Smarr, K. L., Buckelew, S. P., Stucky-ropp, R. C., Hewett, J. E., Johnson, J. C., Wright, G. E., Irvin, W. S. and Walker, S. E. (1995), Effects of stress management on clinical outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 38: 1807–1818. doi: 10.1002/art.1780381214
- Issue published online: 9 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 13 JUN 1995
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUN 1995
- Manuscript Received: 4 MAY 1995
- Medical Research Service
- Department of Veterans Affairs
- National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Grant Number: (H133B-8 0075)
Objective. To examine the effects of stress-management training on clinical outcomes in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Methods. Patients with RA (n = 141) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: a stress management group, an attention control group, or a standard care control group. The stress management and the attention control groups received a 10-w eek intervention followed by an additional 15-m onth maintenance phase.
Results. The stress management group showed statistically significant improvements on measures of helplessness, self-efficacy, coping, pain, and health status. Selected beneficial effects were still detectable at the 15-m onth followup evaluation.
Conclusion. The data indicated that stress management interventions are capable of producing important clinical benefits for persons with RA.