SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis;
  • PRECEDE model;
  • Needs assessment data;
  • Educational intervention

Abstract

Objective. Our objective is to describe the use of the PRECEDE model (predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling causes in educational diagnosis and evaluation) to organize needs assessment data in order to define self-management behaviors and plan an educational intervention for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and their famihies.

Methods. Analysis was done of needs assessment data collected from several sources: 1) literature review, 2) survey of parents of 51 children with JRA, 3) group interview of seven parents of children with JRA, 4) results of pilot programs, and 5) clinical experience of an interdisciplinary pediatric rheumatology team.

Results. Two sets of interrelated behavioral factors were identified through the needs assessment: 1) those related to managing the school environment to facilitate optimal participation and to minimize schoolrelated disability, and 2) those related to treating pain and stiffness, intervening in the disease process, and preserving joint function.

Conclusion. Both of these sets of behavioral factors may be related to the optimization of children's mobility, joint function, and autonomy of activities of daily living and should be targets of an educational intervention.