Self-efficacy, pain, and physical activity among fibromyalgia subjects
Article first published online: 15 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1995 American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 8, Issue 1, pages 43–50, March 1995
How to Cite
Buckelew, S. P., Murray, S. E., Hewett, J. E., Johnson, J. and Huyser, B. (1995), Self-efficacy, pain, and physical activity among fibromyalgia subjects. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 8: 43–50. doi: 10.1002/art.1790080110
- Issue published online: 15 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 15 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 OCT 1994
- Manuscript Received: 17 MAY 1994
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases First Independent Research and Transition Award. Grant Number: DHHS 1-R29-AR39481
- National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Grant Number: H133B80075
- Pain management;
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of self-efficacy on self-report pain and physical activities among subjects with fibromyalgia (FM). In addition, descriptive statistics of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale (AIMS), a measure developed for use with arthritis patients, were reported.
Methods. Seventy-nine subjects with FM, as classified by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria, completed the Visual Analogue Scale for Pain, the AIMS, and the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale. A myalgic score was obtained during a tender point evaluation. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to assess the effect of self-efficacy on self-report pain and physical activities measures after controlling for demographic variables (age, education, and symptom duration), disease severity (myalgic scores), and psychological distress (negative affect from the AIMS).
Results. Higher self-efficacy was associated with less pain and less impairment on the physical activities measure after controlling for demographic and disease severity measures.
Conclusions. This study underscores the unique importance of self-efficacy in understanding pain and physical activities impairment.