Psychological adjustment to systemic sclerosis
Article first published online: 14 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1996 American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 9, Issue 1, pages 51–59, February 1996
How to Cite
Malcarne, V. L. and Greenbergs, H. L. (1996), Psychological adjustment to systemic sclerosis. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 9: 51–59. doi: 10.1002/art.1790090110
- Issue published online: 14 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 14 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 22 MAR 1995
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAR 1995
- Manuscript Received: 31 OCT 1994
- Systemic sclerosis;
- Psychological adjustment
Objective. To examine the role of demographic, disability, appraisal, and coping variables in predicting psychological adjustment in individuals with systemic sclerosis.
Methods. Two hundred forty-two individuals with systemic sclerosis (SSc; diffuse and limited) were surveyed by mail. Demographics, functional disability, pain, control appraisals, 8 types of coping, and individual psychosocial adjustment were assessed by selfreport questionnaires with established reliability and validity.
Results. In regression analysis, 3 coping strategies emerged as significant predictors of adjustment: Wishful Thinking, Blaming Self, and Problem-Focused Coping. Self-reports of disability and control appraisals were also significant predictors. Collectively, 46% of the variance in adjustment was explained by these 5 predictor variables. The strongest predictor of overall adjustment was wishful thinking, explaining 22% of the variance in adjustment.
Conclusions. Potentially modifiable appraisal and coping variables, along with disease-related disability, appear to play an important role in predicting adjustment to SSc, while demographic variables explained little of the variability in patient adjustment.