Treating disability in knee osteoarthritis with exercise therapy: A central role for self-efficacy and pain
Version of Record online: 8 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1998 American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 11, Issue 2, pages 94–101, April 1998
How to Cite
Rejeski, W. J., Martin, K., Ettinger, W. H. and Morgan, T. (1998), Treating disability in knee osteoarthritis with exercise therapy: A central role for self-efficacy and pain. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 11: 94–101. doi: 10.1002/art.1790110205
- Issue online: 8 DEC 2005
- Version of Record online: 8 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Revised: 5 AUG 1997
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 AUG 1997
- Manuscript Received: 15 JAN 1997
- Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Center of Wake Forest University
- NIH. Grant Number: P60AG10484
- Health perceptions
Objective. To examine the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on self-efficacy beliefs in older adults with knee osteoarthritis [OA] and to determine whether self-efficacy and knee pain mediated the effects of the treatments on stair time performance and health perceptions.
Methods. Measures of self-efficacy knee pain, stair climbing performance, and health perceptions were collected prior to randomization and again at an 18-month follow up in older adults with knee OA who were assigned to 1 of 3 treatment conditions: aerobic exercise, resistance training, or health education control. All analyses were conducted on the intention-to-treat principle.
Results. Both exercise treatments increased self-efficacy for stair climbing in comparison to the health education control group. Both knee pain and self-efficacy mediated the effect of the treatments on stair climb time, whereas only knee pain mediated health perceptions.
Conclusions. The findings suggest that control beliefs and changes in physical symptoms such as knee pain are important outcomes in physical activity programs with patients who have OA of the knee. Moreover, these variables mediate the effects that such programs have on disability and health perceptions.