• 1
    Yunus MB. Psychological aspects of fibromyalgia syndrome: a component of the dysfunctional spectrum syndrome. Baillieres Clin Rheumatol 1994; 9: 81137.
  • 2
    Galeotti N, Ghelardini C, Zoppi M, Bene E, Raimondi L, Beneforti E, et al. A reduced functionality of Gi proteins as a possible cause of fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol 2001; 28: 2298304.
  • 3
    Crofford LJ, Demitrack MA. Evidence that abnormalities of central neurohormonal systems are key to understanding fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 1996; 22: 26784.
  • 4
    Arenas Cabrera C, Bautista Lorite J. Estudios neuromusculares en la fibromialgia. Rev Esp Reumatol 2000; 27: 4305.
  • 5
    Bennett RM, Clark SR, Goldberg L, Nelson D, Bonafede RP, Porter J, et al. Aerobic fitness in patients with fibrositis: a controlled study of respiratory gas exchange and 133 Xenon clearance from exercising muscle. Arthritis Rheum 1989; 32: 45460.
  • 6
    Klug GA, McAuley E, Clark S. Factors influencing the development and maintenance of aerobic fitness: lessons applicable to the fibrositis syndrome. J Rheumatol 1989; 16 Suppl 19: 309.
  • 7
    Rooks DS, Silverman CB, Kantrowitz FG. The effects of progressive strength training and aerobic exercise on muscle strength and cardiovascular fitness in women with fibromyalgia: a pilot study. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 47: 228.
  • 8
    Rossy LA, Buckelew S, Dorr N, Hagglund KJ, Thayer JF, McIntosh MJ, et al. A meta-analysis of fibromyalgia treatment interventions. Ann Behav Med 1999; 21: 18091.
  • 9
    Ledingham J, Doherty S, Doherty M. Primary fibromyalgia syndrome: an outcome study. Br J Rheumatol 1993; 32: 13942.
  • 10
    Wolfe F, Anderson J, Harkness D, Bennett RM, Caro XJ, Goldenberg DL, et al. Health status and disease severity in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 1997; 40: 15719.
  • 11
    McCain GA, Bell DA, Mai FM, Halliday PD. A controlled study of the effects of a supervised cardiovascular fitness training program on the manifestations of primary fibromyalgia. Arthitis Rheum 1988; 31: 113541.
  • 12
    Martin L, Nutting A, Macintosh BR, Edworthy SM, Butterwick D, Cook J. An exercise program in the treatment of fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol 1996; 23: 10503.
  • 13
    Wigers SH, Stiles TC, Vogel PA. Effects of aerobic exercise versus stress management treatment in fibromyalgia. Scand J Rheumatol 1996; 25: 7786.
  • 14
    Meiworm L, Jakob E, Walker UA, Peter HH, Keul J. Patients with fibromyalgia benefit from aerobic endurance exercise. Clin Rheumatol 2000; 19: 2537.
  • 15
    Meyer BB, Lemley KJ. Utilizing exercise to affect the symptomology of fibromyalgia: a pilot study. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: 16917.
  • 16
    Jentoft ES, Kvalvik AG, Mengshoel AM. Effects of pool-based and land-based aerobic exercise on women with fibromyalgia/chronic widespread muscle pain. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 45: 427.
  • 17
    Gowans SE, de Hueck A, Voss S, Silaj A, Abbey SE, Reynolds WJ. Effect of a randomized, controlled trial of exercise on mood and physical function in individuals with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 45: 51929.
  • 18
    Burckhardt CS, Mannerkorpi K, Hedenberg L, Bjelle A. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of education and physical training for women with fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol 1994; 21: 71420.
  • 19
    Keefe FJ, Caldwell DS, Queen KT, Gil KM, Martinez S, Crisson JE, et al. Pain coping strategies in osteoarthritis patients. J Consult Clin Psychol 1987; 55: 20812.
  • 20
    Keefe FJ, Van Horn Y. Cognitive-behavioral treatment of rheumatoid arthritis pain: maintaining treatments gains. Arthritis Care Res 1993; 6: 21322.
  • 21
    Hadhazy VA, Ezzo J, Creamer P, Berman BM. Mind-body therapy for the treatment of fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 29118.
  • 22
    Bennett RM, Burckhardt CS, Clark SR, O'Reilly CA, Wiens AN, Campbell SM. Group treatment of fibromyalgia: a 6 month outpatient program. J Rheumatol 1996; 23: 5218.
  • 23
    Keel PJ, Bodoky C, Gerhard U, Müller W. Comparison of integrated group therapy and group relaxation training for fibromyalgia. Clin J Pain 1998; 14: 2328.
  • 24
    Gowans SE, de Hueck A, Voss S, Richardson M. A randomized, controlled trial of exercise and education for individuals with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Care Res 1999; 12: 1208
  • 25
    Mannerkorpi K, Nyberg B, Ahlmén M, Ekdahl C. Pool exercise combined with an education program for patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. a prospective, randomized study. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 247381.
  • 26
    Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, Bennett RM, Bombardier C, Goldenberg DL, et al. The American college of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 1990; 33: 16072.
  • 27
    Burckhardt CS, Clark SR, Bennett RM. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire: development and validation. J Rheumatol 1991; 18: 72833.
  • 28
    Dunkl PR, Taylor AG, McConnell GG, Alfano AP, Conaway MR. Responsiveness of fibromyalgia clinical trial outcome measures. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 268391.
  • 29
    Ware JE, Sherbourne CD. The MOS-36 item short form health survey (SF-36). Med Care 1992; 30: 47383.
  • 30
    Alonso J, Prieto L, Antó JM. La versión española del SF-36 Health Survey (Cuestionario de salud SF-36): un instrumento para la medida de los resultados clínicos. Med Clin Barc 1995; 104: 7716.
  • 31
    Beck AK, Epstein N, Brown G, Steer RA. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometrics properties. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988; 56: 8937.
  • 32
    Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M, Mock J, Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1961; 4: 56171.
  • 33
    Lorig K, Chastain RL, Ung E, Shoor S, Holman HR. Development and evaluation of a scale to measure perceived self-efficacy in people with arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1989; 32: 3744
  • 34
    Anderson KO, Dowds BN, Pelletz RE, Edwards WT, Peeters-Asdourian C. Development and initial validation of a scale to measure self-efficacy beliefs in patients with chronic pain. Pain 1995; 63: 7784.
  • 35
    Jensen MP, Turner JA, Romano JM, Strom SE. The Chronic Pain Coping Inventory: development and preliminary validation. Pain 1995; 60: 20316.
  • 36
    Bruce RA. Exercise testing of patients with coronary artery disease. Ann Clin Res 1971; 3: 32332.
  • 37
    Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Leon AS, Jacobs DR, Montoye HJ, Sallis JF, et al. Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993; 25: 7180.
  • 38
    Santen M, Bolwijn P, Landewé R, Verstappen F, Bakker C, Hidding A, et al. High or low intensity aerobic fitness training in fibromyalgia: does it matter? J Rheumatol 2002; 29: 5827.
  • 39
    Mengshoel AM, Komnaes HB, Forre O. The effects of 20 weeks of physical fitness training in female patients with fibromyalgia. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1992; 10: 3459.
  • 40
    Jamison RD. Mastering chronic pain: a professional's guide to behavioral treatment. Sarasota (FL): Professional Resource Press; 1996.
  • 41
    Nielson WR, Walker C, McCain GA. Cognitive behavioral treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome: preliminary findings. J Rheumatol 1992; 19; 98103.
  • 42
    North TC, McCullagh P, Tran VZ. Effect of exercise on depression. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1990; 18: 379415.
  • 43
    Petruzzello SJ, Landers DM, Hatfield BD, Kubitz KA, Salazar W. A meta-analysis on the anxiety-reducing effects of acute and chronic exercise: outcomes and mechanisms. Sports Med 1991; 11: 14382.