Cerebral and corpus callosum atrophy in systemic lupus erythematosus
Article first published online: 2 SEP 2005
Copyright © 2005 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 52, Issue 9, pages 2783–2789, September 2005
How to Cite
Appenzeller, S., Rondina, J. M., Li, L. M., Costallat, L. T. L. and Cendes, F. (2005), Cerebral and corpus callosum atrophy in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 52: 2783–2789. doi: 10.1002/art.21271
- Issue published online: 2 SEP 2005
- Article first published online: 2 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 JUN 2005
- Manuscript Received: 9 DEC 2004
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
To determine cerebral and corpus callosum volumes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), using semiautomatic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumetric measurements, and to determine possible relationships between a reduction in cerebral volume and disease duration, total corticosteroid dose, neuropsychiatric manifestations, and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies.
We studied 115 consecutive patients with SLE and 44 healthy volunteers. A complete clinical, laboratory, and neurologic evaluation was performed. MRI scans were obtained through a standardized protocol. Sagittal T1-weighted images were used for semiautomatic volumetric measurements. We compared SLE patients with controls using the 2-sample t-test. Analysis of variance was used to test for differences between groups, followed by Tukey's post hoc test for pairwise comparisons, when necessary. Linear regression was used to analyze the association between cerebral atrophy and disease duration and total corticosteroid dose.
Cerebral and corpus callosum volumes were significantly smaller in patients with SLE compared with healthy volunteers (P < 0.001). Reduced cerebral and corpus callosum volumes were related to disease duration (P < 0.001). Patients with a history of central nervous system (CNS) involvement more frequently had a reduction in cerebral and corpus callosum volumes (P < 0.001). Patients with cognitive impairment had significantly reduced corpus callosum and cerebral volumes when compared with SLE patients without cognitive impairment (P = 0.001). Cerebral and corpus callosum volumes were not associated with the total corticosteroid dose or the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies.
In patients with SLE, a reduction in cerebral and corpus callosum volumes is associated with disease duration, a history of CNS involvement, and cognitive impairment. The total corticosteroid dose and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies were not associated with more pronounced atrophy.