• 1
    Odding E, Valkenburg HA, Algra D, Vandenouweland FA, Grobbee DE, Hofman A. Association of locomotor complaints and disability in the Rotterdam study. Ann Rheum Dis 1995; 54: 7215.
  • 2
    Hoffman C, Rice D, Sung HY. Persons with chronic conditions: their prevalence and costs. JAMA 1996; 276: 14739.
  • 3
    Straaton KV, Fine PR. Addressing work disability through vocational rehabilitation services. Bull Rheum Dis 1997; 46: 13.
  • 4
    Elliott AM, Smith BH, Penny KI, Smith WC, Chambers WA. The epidemiology of chronic pain in the community. Lancet 1999; 354: 124852.
  • 5
    Picavet HS, Schouten JS. Musculoskeletal pain in the Netherlands: prevalences, consequences and risk groups, the DMC (3)-study. Pain 2003; 102: 16778.
  • 6
    Westert GP, Schellevis FG, de Bakker DH, Groenewegen PP, Bensing JM, van der Zee J. Monitoring health inequalities through general practice: the Second Dutch National Survey of General Practice. Eur J Public Health 2005; 15: 5965.
  • 7
    Van der Waal JM, Bot SD, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, Schellevis FG, Bouter LM, et al. The incidence and consultation rate of lower extremity complaints in general practice. 2005. In press.
  • 8
    Hart DJ, Doyle DV, Spector TD. Incidence and risk factors for radiographic knee osteoarthritis in middle-aged women: the Chingford Study. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 1724.
  • 9
    Miranda H, Viikari-Juntura E, Martikainen R, Riihimaki H. A prospective study on knee pain and its risk factors. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002; 10: 62330.
  • 10
    Dawson J, Juszczak E, Thorogood M, Marks SA, Dodd C, Fitzpatrick R. An investigation of risk factors for symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee in women using a life course approach. J Epidemiol Community Health 2003; 57: 82330.
  • 11
    Burton AK, Tillotson KM, Main CJ, Hollis S. Psychosocial predictors of outcome in acute and subchronic low back trouble. Spine 1995; 20: 7228.
  • 12
    Jorgensen CK, Fink P, Olesen F. Psychological distress and somatisation as prognostic factors in patients with musculoskeletal illness in general practice. Br J Gen Pract 2000; 50: 53741.
  • 13
    Evers AW, Kraaimaat FW, Geenen R, Bijlsma JW. Psychosocial predictors of functional change in recently diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis patients. Behav Res Ther 1998; 36: 17993.
  • 14
    Steultjens MP, Dekker J, Bijlsma JW. Avoidance of activity and disability in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: the mediating role of muscle strength. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 17848.
  • 15
    Schellevis FG, Westert GP, de Bakker DH, Groenewegen PP, van der Zee J, Bensing IM. De tweede nationale studie naar verrichtingen in de huisartspraktijk: aanleiding en methoden. Huisarts en Wetenschap 2003; 46: 712.
  • 16
    Van der Waal JM, Bot SD, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, Bouter LM, Dekker J. Determinants of the clinical course of musculoskeletal complaints in general practice: design of a cohort study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord [article online] 2003; 4: 3. URL:
  • 17
    Verbrugge LM, Jette AM. The disablement process. Soc Sci Med 1994; 38: 114.
  • 18
    Bellamy N, Buchanan WW, Goldsmith CH, Campbell J, Stitt LW. Validation study of WOMAC: a health status instrument for measuring clinically important patient relevant outcomes to antirheumatic drug therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. J Rheumatol 1988; 15: 183340.
  • 19
    Roorda LD, Jones CA, Waltz M, Lankhorst GJ, Bouter LM, van der Eijken JW, et al. Satisfactory cross cultural equivalence of the Dutch WOMAC in patients with hip osteoarthritis waiting for arthroplasty. Ann Rheum Dis 2004; 63: 3642.
  • 20
    Kraaimaat FW, Evers AW. Pain-coping strategies in chronic pain patients: psychometric characteristics of the pain-coping inventory (PCI). Int J Behav Med 2003; 10: 34363.
  • 21
    Terluin B. The Four Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) in general practice. De Psycholoog 1998; 33: 1824.
  • 22
    Goubert L, Crombez G, Vlaeyen JW, van Damme S, van den Broeck A, van den Houdenhove B. The Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia: psychometric characteristics and norms. Gedrag en Gezondheid 2000; 28: 5462.
  • 23
    Waddell G, Newton M, Henderson I, Somerville D, Main CJ. A Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) and the role of fear-avoidance beliefs in chronic low back pain and disability. Pain 1993; 52: 15768.
  • 24
    Ware JE Jr, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 1992; 30: 47383.
  • 25
    Picavet HS, van Gils HW, Schouten JS. Klachten van het bewegingsapparaat in de Nederlandse bevolking, prevalenties, consequenties en risicogroepen. Bilthoven: CBS/RIVM; 2000. RIBM rapportnummer 266807002.
  • 26
    Pate RR, Pratt M, Blair SN, Haskell WL, Macera CA, Bouchard C, et al. Physical activity and public health: a recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. JAMA 1995; 273: 4027.
  • 27
    Kemper HC, Ooijendijk WT, Stiggelbout M. Consensus over de Nederlandse norm voor gezond bewegen. Tijdschrift voor gezondheidswetenschappen 1998; 78: 1803.
  • 28
    American College of Sports Medicine. American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: the recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998; 30: 97591.
  • 29
    Feij JA, Doorn CD, van Kampen D, van den Berg PT, Resing WC. Sensation seeking and social support as moderators of the relationship between life events and physical illness/psychological distress. In: WinnubstJA, MaesS, editors. Lifestyles stress and health. Leiden: DSWO Press; 1992. p. 285302.
  • 30
    Bekkering GE, Hendriks HJ, van Tulder MW, Knoll DL, Simmonds MJ, Oostendorp RA, et al. Prognostic factors for low back pain in patients referred for physiotherapy: comparing outcomes and varying modeling techniques. Spine 2005; 30: 18816.
  • 31
    Bot SD, van der Waal JM, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, Scholten RJ, Bouter LM, et al. Predictors of outcome in neck and shoulder symptoms: a cohort study in general practice. Spine 2005; 30: E45970.
  • 32
    Bot SD, van der Waal JM, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, Bouter LM, Dekker J. Course and prognosis of elbow complaints: a cohort study in general practice. Ann Rheum Dis 2005; 64: 13316.
  • 33
    Van der Waal JM, Bot SD, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, Scholten RJ, Bouter LM, et al. The course and prognosis of hip complaints in general practice. Ann Behav Med. In Press.
  • 34
    Pountain G. Musculoskeletal pain in Omanis, and the relationship to joint mobility and body mass index. Br J Rheumatol 1992; 31: 815.
  • 35
    Aoyagi K, Ross PD, Okano K, Hayashi T, Moji K, Kusano Y, et al. Association of body mass index with joint pain among community-dwelling women in Japan. Aging Clin Exp Res 2002; 14: 37881.
  • 36
    Schouten JS, van den Ouweland FA, Valkenburg HA. A 12 year follow up study in the general population on prognostic factors of cartilage loss in osteoarthritis of the knee. Ann Rheum Dis 1992; 51: 9327.
  • 37
    Felson DT, Lawrence RC, Dieppe PA, Hirsch R, Helmick CG, Jordan JM, et al. Osteoarthritis: new insights. Part 1: the disease and its risk factors. Ann Intern Med 2000; 133: 63546.
  • 38
    Holder-Powell HM, di Matteo G, Rutherford OM. Do knee injuries have long-term consequences for isometric and dynamic muscle strength? Eur J Appl Physiol 2001; 85: 3106.
  • 39
    Steultjens MP, Dekker J, Bijlsma JW. Coping, pain, and disability in osteoarthritis: a longitudinal study. J Rheumatol 2001; 28: 106872.
  • 40
    Evers AW, Kraaimaat FW, Geenen R, Jacobs JW, Bijlsma JW. Pain coping and social support as predictors of long-term functional disability and pain in early rheumatoid arthritis. Behav Res Ther 2003; 41: 1295310.
  • 41
    Gureje O, Simon GE, von Korff M. A cross-national study of the course of persistent pain in primary care. Pain 2001; 92: 195200.
  • 42
    Van Baar ME, Dekker J, Lemmens JA, Oostendorp RA, Bijlsma JW. Pain and disability in patients with osteoarthritis of hip or knee: the relationship with articular, kinesiological, and psychological characteristics. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 12533.
  • 43
    Faller H, Kirschner S, Konig A. Psychological distress predicts functional outcomes at three and twelve months after total knee arthroplasty [letter]. Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2003; 25: 3723.
  • 44
    Manninen P, Heliovaara M, Riihimaki H, Makela P. Does psychological distress predict disability? Int J Epidemiol 1997; 26: 106370.
  • 45
    Coggon D, Croft P, Kellingray S, Barrett D, McLaren M, Cooper C. Occupational physical activities and osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Rheum 2000; 43: 14439.
  • 46
    Bot SD. Course and prognosis of complaints at the arm, neck and shoulder [thesis]. Amsterdam: Free University; 2005.
  • 47
    Underwood MR. Community management of knee pain in older people: is knee pain the new back pain? Rheumatology (Oxford) 2004; 43: 23.
  • 48
    Van der Waal JM, Terwee CB, van der Windt DA, Bouter LM, Dekker J. Health-related and overall quality of life of patients with chronic hip and knee complaints in general practice. Qual Life Res 2005; 14: 795803.
  • 49
    Jinks C, Jordan K, Ong BN, Croft P. A brief screening tool for knee pain in primary care (KNEST). 2. Results from a survey in the general population aged 50 and over. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2004; 43: 5561.