• 1
    Bellamy N, Campbell J, Haraoui B, Buchbinder R, Hobby K, Roth JH, et al. Dimensionality and clinical importance of pain and disability in hand osteoarthritis: development of the Australian/Canadian (AUSCAN) Osteoarthritis Hand Index. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002; 10: 85562.
  • 2
    Bellamy N, Campbell J, Haraoui B, Gerecz-Simon E, Buchbinder R, Hobby K, et al. Clinimetric properties of the AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Hand Index: an evaluation of reliability, validity, and responsiveness. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002; 10: 8639.
  • 3
    Massy-Westropp N, Krishnan J, Ahern M. Comparing the AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Hand Index, Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, and Sequential Occupational Dexterity Assessment for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol 2004; 31: 19962001.
  • 4
    Jones G, Cooley HM, Bellamy N. A cross-sectional study of the association between Heberden's nodes, radiographic osteoarthritis of the hands, grip strength, disability, and pain. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2001; 9: 60611.
  • 5
    Stratford PW, Kennedy D. Does parallel item content on WOMAC's pain and function subscales limit its ability to detect change in functional status? BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2004; 5: 17.
  • 6
    Faucher M, Poiraudeau S, Lefevre-Colau M, Rannou F, Fermanian J, Revel M. Algo-functional assessment of knee osteoarthritis: comparison of the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the WOMAC and Lequesne indexes. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002; 10: 60210.
  • 7
    Thumboo J, Chew LH, Soh CH. Validation of the Western Ontario and Mcmaster University osteoarthritis index in Asians with osteoarthritis in Singapore. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2001; 9: 4406.
  • 8
    Kennedy D, Stratford PW, Pagura MC, Wessel J, Gollish JD, Woodhouse LJ. Exploring the factorial validity and clinical interpretability of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Physiother Can 2003; 55: 1608.
  • 9
    Ryser L, Wright BD, Aeschlimann A, Mariacher-Gehler S, Stucki G. A new look at the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index using Rasch analysis. Arthritis Care Res 1999; 12: 3315.
  • 10
    Angst F, Ewert T, Lehmann S, Aeschlimann A, Stucki G. The factor subdimensions of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) help to specify hip and knee osteoarthritis: a prospective evaluation and validation study. J Rheumatol 2005; 32: 132430.
  • 11
    McConnell S, Kolopack P, Davis AM. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC): a review of its utility and measurement properties. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 45: 45361.
  • 12
    Kraus VB, Li Y, Martin E, Jordan JM, Renner JB, Doherty M, et al. Articular hypermobility and hand osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 50: 217883.
  • 13
    Kraus VB, Jordan JM, Crane MM, Renker JB, Doherty M, Wilson AG, et al. The Genetics of Generalized Osteoarthritis (GOGO) Study: frequencies of large joint involvement [abstract]. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2004; M30: S12.
  • 14
    Kraus VB, Jordan JM, Crane MM, Renker JB, Doherty M, Wilson AG, et al. The Genetics of Generalized Osteoarthritis (GOGO) Study: patterns of hand osteoarthritis [abstract]. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2004; P285: S115.
  • 15
    Kellgren J, Lawrence J. Radiological assessment of osteoarthrosis. Ann Rheum Dis 1957; 16: 494502.
  • 16
    Altman R, Alarcon G, Appelrouth D, Bloch D, Borenstein D, Brandt K, et al. The American College of Rheumatology criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis of the hand. Arthritis Rheum 1990; 33: 160110.
  • 17
    Spector TD, Cicuttini F, Baker J, Loughlin J, Hart D. Genetic influences on osteoarthritis in women: a twin study. BMJ 1996; 312: 9403.
  • 18
    Dreiser RL, Maheu E, Guillou GB. Sensitivity to change of the functional index for hand osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2000; 8 Suppl A: S258.
  • 19
    Dreiser RL, Maheu E, Guillou GB, Caspard H, Grouin JM. Validation of an algofunctional index for osteoarthritis of the hand. Rev Rheum Engl Ed 1995; 6 Suppl 1: 43S53S.
  • 20
    Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using multivariate statistics. 3rd ed. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers; 1996.
  • 21
    Hatcher L. A step-by-step approach to using SAS for factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Cary (NC): SAS Press; 1994.
  • 22
    Cattell RB. The scree test for the number of factors. Multivariate Behav Res 1966; 1: 24576.
  • 23
    Bellamy N, Buchbinder R, Hall S, Soucy E, Flynn J, Campbell J. PARIS sectrogram: a method for weighting and aggregating the AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Hand Index [abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 1998; 41 Suppl 9: S145.
  • 24
    Rahman N, Thomas JJ, Rice MS. The relationship between hand strength and the forces used to access containers by well elderly persons. Am J Occup Ther 2002; 56: 7885.