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Abstract

AA amyloidosis is the most serious potential complication of the inherited autoinflammatory syndromes and frequently results in end-stage renal failure. Although this complication is well recognized in familial Mediterranean fever, tumor necrosis factor receptor–associated periodic syndrome, and Muckle-Wells syndrome, there is only 1 previous published report of its occurrence in hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with periodic fever syndrome (HIDS). We report 2 further cases of patients with AA amyloidosis in HIDS, both of whom developed dialysis-dependent renal failure, and we describe the outcome of the first renal transplant in this setting.