SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Hench PS. The ameliorating effect of pregnancy on chronic atrophic (infectious rheumatoid) arthritis, fibrositis, and intermittent hydrarthrosis. Mayo Clin Proc 1938; 13: 1617.
  • 2
    Nelson JL, Ostensen M. Pregnancy and rheumatoid arthritis [review]. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 1997; 23: 195212.
  • 3
    Ostensen M. Pregnancy in patients with a history of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1991; 34: 8817.
  • 4
    Musiej-Nowakowska E, Ploski R. Pregnancy and early onset pauciarticular juvenile chronic arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 1999; 58: 47580.
  • 5
    Nelson JL, Hughes KA, Smith AG, Nisperos BB, Branchaud AM, Hansen JA. Maternal-fetal disparity in HLA class II alloantigens and the pregnancy-induced amelioration of rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med 1993; 329: 46671.
  • 6
    Van der Horst-Bruinsma IE, de Vries RR, de Buck PD, van Schendel PW, Breedveld FC, Schreuder GM, et al. Influence of HLA-class II incompatibility between mother and fetus on the development and course of rheumatoid arthritis of the mother. Ann Rheum Dis 1998; 57: 28690.
  • 7
    Lo YM, Lau TK, Chan LY, Leung TN, Chang AM. Quantitative analysis of the bidirectional fetomaternal transfer of nucleated cells and plasma DNA. Clin Chem 2000; 46: 13019.
  • 8
    Lo YM, Tein MS, Lau TK, Haines CJ, Leung TN, Poon PM, et al. Quantitative analysis of fetal DNA in maternal plasma and serum: implications for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. Am J Hum Genet 1998; 62: 76875.
  • 9
    Lo YM, Zhang J, Leung TN, Lau TK, Chang AM, Hjelm NM. Rapid clearance of fetal DNA from maternal plasma. Am J Hum Genet 1999; 64: 21824.
  • 10
    Arnett FC, Edworthy SM, Bloch DA, McShane DJ, Fries JF, Cooper NS, et al. The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1988; 31: 31524.
  • 11
    Ropes MW, Bennett GA, Cobb S, Jacox R, Jessar RA. 1958 revision of diagnostic criteria for rheumatoid arthritis. Bull Rheum Dis 1958; 9: 1756.
  • 12
    Petty RE, Southwood TR, Manners P, Baum J, Glass DN, Goldenberg J, et al. International League of Associations for Rheumatology classification of juvenile idiopathic arthritis: second revision, Edmonton, 2001. J Rheumatol 2004; 31: 3902.
  • 13
    Lambert NC, Erickson TD, Yan Z, Pang JM, Guthrie KA, Furst DE, et al. Quantification of maternal microchimerism by HLA-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction: studies of healthy women and women with scleroderma. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 50: 90614.
  • 14
    Lambert NC, Lo YM, Erickson TD, Tylee TS, Guthrie KA, Furst DE, et al. Male microchimerism in healthy women and women with scleroderma: cells or circulating DNA? A quantitative answer. Blood 2002; 100: 284551.
  • 15
    Liang KY, Zeger SL. Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models. Biometrika 1986; 73: 1322.
  • 16
    Unger A, Kay A, Griffin AJ, Panayi GS. Disease activity and pregnancy associated α 2-glycoprotein in rheumatoid arthritis during pregnancy. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983; 286: 7502.
  • 17
    Masi AT, Feigenbaum SL, Chatterton RT. Hormonal and pregnancy relationships to rheumatoid arthritis: convergent effects with immunologic and microvascular systems [review]. Semin Arthritis Rheum 1995; 25: 127.
  • 18
    Ostensen M, Forger F, Nelson JL, Schuhmacher A, Hebisch G, Villiger PM. Pregnancy in patients with rheumatic disease: anti-inflammatory cytokines increase in pregnancy and decrease post partum. Ann Rheum Dis 2005; 64: 83944.
  • 19
    Brennan P, Barrett J, Fiddler M, Thomson W, Payton T, Silman A. Maternal-fetal HLA incompatibility and the course of inflammatory arthritis during pregnancy. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 28438.
  • 20
    Holmgren L, Szeles A, Rajnavolgyi E, Folkman J, Klein G, Ernberg I, et al. Horizontal transfer of DNA by the uptake of apoptotic bodies. Blood 1999; 93: 395663.
  • 21
    Ranella A, Vassiliadis S, Mastora C, Valentina M, Dionyssopoulou E, Athanassakis I. Constitutive intracellular expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DO and HLA-DR but not HLA-DM in trophoblast cells. Hum Immunol 2005; 66: 4355.
  • 22
    Van Wijk IJ, de Hoon AC, Jurhawan R, Tjoa ML, Griffioen S, Mulders MA, et al. Detection of apoptotic fetal cells in plasma of pregnant women. Clin Chem 2000; 46: 72931.
  • 23
    Albert ML, Sauter B, Bhardwaj N. Dendritic cells acquire antigen from apoptotic cells and induce class I-restricted CTLs. Nature 1998; 392: 869.
  • 24
    Bonilla WV, Geuking MB, Aichele P, Ludewig B, Hengartner H, Zinkernagel RM. Microchimerism maintains deletion of the donor cell–specific CD8+ T cell repertoire. J Clin Invest 2006; 116: 15662.
  • 25
    Silman AJ. Rheumatoid arthritis. In: SilmanAJ, HochbergMC, editors. Epidemiology of the rheumatic diseases. New York: Oxford; 2001. p. 3144.