Health status, activity limitations, and disability in work and housework among Latinos and non-Latinos with arthritis: An analysis of national data
Article first published online: 31 MAY 2006
Copyright © 2006 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis Care & Research
Volume 55, Issue 3, pages 442–450, 15 June 2006
How to Cite
Abraído-lanza, A. F., White, K., Armbrister, A. N. and Link, B. G. (2006), Health status, activity limitations, and disability in work and housework among Latinos and non-Latinos with arthritis: An analysis of national data. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 55: 442–450. doi: 10.1002/art.21981
- Issue published online: 31 MAY 2006
- Article first published online: 31 MAY 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 SEP 2005
- Manuscript Received: 2 JUN 2005
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Grant Number: AR-46858
- National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Grant Number: GM62454
- Columbia Center for the Health of Urban Minorities
- National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities. Grant Number: MD00206
- Work disability;
- Housework disability
To document disparities in health status, activity limitations, and disability in work and housework between Latinos and non-Latino whites with arthritis. We examined whether sociodemographic factors (age, income, and education) account for the disparities between the ethnic groups, and whether comorbid conditions, disease duration, health care utilization, and functional abilities predict health status, activity limitations, and work and housework disability after controlling for sociodemographic variables.
We analyzed data from the Condition file of the 1994 National Health Interview Survey on Disability, Phase I.
The risk of worse health, activity limitations, and work and housework disability was >2 times greater among Latinos compared with non-Latino whites. In the regression models accounting for potential confounders, Latino ethnicity remained significantly associated with poorer health status, but not activity limitations or disability in work or housekeeping. Of the socioeconomic status variables, education had a significant protective effect on work disability and health status. Comorbid conditions and health care utilization increased the likelihood of worse health, activity limitations, and work disability. Limitations in physical function were associated with poorer health and disability in work and homemaking.
Social status differences between Latinos and non-Latinos may account for disparities in activity limitations and disability in work and housework. Education may provide various health benefits, including access to a range of occupations that do not require physical demands. The findings help to address the great gap in knowledge concerning factors related to the health and disability status of Latinos with arthritis.