Association of a TNAP haplotype with ankylosing spondylitis

Authors


Abstract

Objective

To use a candidate gene approach to the identification of genetic markers that are significantly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).

Methods

We genotyped 201 multiplex AS families with 1 exonic and 5 intronic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TNAP, the gene that encodes tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase, and performed family-based association analyses.

Results

In our cohort of 201 multiplex AS families, the TNAP haplotype rs3767155 (G)/rs3738099 (G)/rs1780329 (T) was significantly associated with AS (P = 0.032 by additive model). Haplotype-Based Association Testing (HBAT) analyses of AS families in which both men and women were affected showed that the same TNAP haplotype was significantly associated with AS (P = 0.002 by additive model). Using setafftrait code 1 0 0 in the HBAT program, testing specifically for affected men in AS families containing affected individuals of both sexes, this TNAP haplotype was also significantly associated with AS (P = 0.001 by additive model). The HBAT –p option (haplotype permutation test) was used to compute the “exact” P value via a Monte Carlo method for each haplotype (haplotype permutation test) and for the minimum observed P value among the haplotypes (whole marker permutation using the minimal P test), and both P values were statistically significant (2-sided P value for haplotype rs3767155 [G]/rs3738099 [G]/rs1780329 [T] = 0.00059, the smallest observed P value among all the individual haplotype scores = 0.003). Interestingly, this haplotype was not associated with AS in affected women from the same families.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that the TNAP haplotype rs3767155 (G)/rs3738099 (G)/rs1780329 (T) is a novel genetic marker in men that is significantly associated with AS in multiplex families containing affected individuals of both sexes.

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