SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    McDonagh JE. Osteoporosis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis [review]. Curr Opin Rheumatol 2001; 13: 399404.
  • 2
    Pepmueller PH, Cassidy JT, Allen SH, Hillman LS. Bone mineralization and bone mineral metabolism in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1996; 39: 73657.
  • 3
    Tortolani PJ, McCarthy EF, Sponseller PD. Bone mineral density deficiency in children [review]. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2002; 10: 5766.
  • 4
    Masi L, Cimaz R, Simonini G, Bindi G, Stagi S, Gozzini A, et al. Association of low bone mass with vitamin D receptor gene and calcitonin receptor gene polymorphisms in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. J Rheumatol 2002; 29: 222531.
  • 5
    Henderson CJ, Specker BL, Sierra RI, Campaigne BN, Lovell DJ. Total-body bone mineral content in non–glucocorticoid-treated postpubertal females with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2000; 43: 53140.
  • 6
    Cetin A, Celiker R, Dincer F, Ariyurek M. Bone mineral density in children with juvenile chronic arthritis. Clin Rheumatol 1998; 17: 5513.
  • 7
    Perez MD, Abrams SA, Loddeke L, Shypailo R, Ellis KJ. Effects of rheumatic disease and corticosteroid treatment on calcium metabolism and bone density in children assessed one year after diagnosis, using stable isotopes and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry [review]. J Rheumatol Suppl 2000; 58: 3843.
  • 8
    Zak M, Hassager C, Lovell DJ, Nielsen S, Henderson CJ, Pedersen FK. Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 7908.
  • 9
    Lien G, Flato B, Haugen M, Vinje O, Sorskaar D, Dale K, et al. Frequency of osteopenia in adolescents with early-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a long-term outcome study of one hundred five patients. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 48: 221423.
  • 10
    Kotaniemi A, Savolainen A, Kroger H, Kautiainen H, Isomaki H. Development of bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck in juvenile chronic arthritis: a prospective one year followup study. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 24505.
  • 11
    Henderson CJ, Lovell DJ, Specker BL, Campaigne BN. Physical activity in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: quantification and evaluation. Arthritis Care Res 1995; 8: 1149.
  • 12
    Butler RC, Davis MW, Worsfold M, Sharp CA. Bone mineral content in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: relationship to low-dose corticosteroid therapy. Br J Rheumatol 1991; 30: 8690.
  • 13
    Falcini F, Trapani S, Civinini R, Capone A, Ermini M, Bartolozzi G. The primary role of steroids on the osteoporosis in juvenile rheumatoid patients evaluated by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. J Endocrinol Invest 1996; 19: 1659.
  • 14
    Di Munno O, Mazzantini M, Sinigaglia L, Bianchi G, Minisola G, Muratore M, et al. Effect of low dose methotrexate on bone density in women with rheumatoid arthritis: results from a multicenter cross-sectional study. J Rheumatol 2004; 31: 13059.
  • 15
    Bianchi ML, Cimaz R, Galbiati E, Corona F, Cherubini R, Bardare M. Bone mass change during methotrexate treatment in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoporos Int 1999; 10: 205.
  • 16
    Girgis SI, Nwokeji A, Shakur BH, Ind PW, Shiner RJ. The effect of the steroid-sparing response to low-dose methotrexate on bone metabolism in glucocorticoid-dependent asthmatics. Clin Chim Acta 2004; 341: 15763.
  • 17
    Tascioglu F, Oner C, Armagan O. The effect of low-dose methotrexate on bone mineral density in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatol Int 2003; 23: 2315.
  • 18
    Roth J, Palm C, Scheunemann I, Ranke MB, Schweizer R, Dannecker GE. Musculoskeletal abnormalities of the forearm in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis relate mainly to bone geometry. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 50: 127785.
  • 19
    Lettgen B, Neudorf U, Hosse R, Peters C, Reiners C. Bone density in children and adolescents with rheumatic diseases: preliminary results of selective measurement of trabecular and cortical bone using peripheral computerized tomography. Klin Padiatr 1996; 208: 1147. In German.
  • 20
    Ferretti JL, Capozza RF, Zanchetta JR. Mechanical validation of a tomographic (pQCT) index for noninvasive estimation of rat femur bending strength. Bone 1996; 18: 97102.
  • 21
    Cassidy JT, Levinson JE, Bass JC, Baum J, Brewer EJ Jr, Fink CW, et al. A study of classification criteria for a diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1986; 29: 27481.
  • 22
    Taylor SJ, Whincup PH, Hindmarsh PC, Lampe F, Odoki K, Cook DG. Performance of a new pubertal self-assessment questionnaire: a preliminary study. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2001; 15: 8894.
  • 23
    Schlossberger NM, Turner RA, Irwin CE Jr. Validity of self-report of pubertal maturation in early adolescents. J Adolesc Health 1992; 13: 10913.
  • 24
    Rockett HR, Wolf AM, Colditz GA. Development and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of older children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 1995; 95: 33640.
  • 25
    Aaron DJ, Kriska AM, Dearwater SR, Cauley JA, Metz KF, LaPorte RE. Reproducibility and validity of an epidemiologic questionnaire to assess past year physical activity in adolescents. Am J Epidemiol 1995; 142: 191201.
  • 26
    Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Leon AS, Jacobs DR Jr, Montoye HJ, Sallis JF, et al. Compendium of physical activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sport Exerc 1993; 25: 7180.
  • 27
    Moyer-Mileur L, Xie B, Ball S, Bainbridge C, Stadler D, Jee WS. Predictors of bone mass by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in early adolescent girls. J Clin Densitom 2001; 4: 31323.
  • 28
    Ferretti JL, Cointry GR, Capozza RF, Frost HM. Bone mass, bone strength, muscle-bone interactions, osteopenias and osteoporoses [review]. Mech Ageing Dev 2003; 124: 26979.
  • 29
    Cratree NJ, Kent K, Zemel BS. Acquisition of DXA in children and adolescents. In: SawyerAJ, BachrachLK, FungEB, editors. Clinical densitometry in growing patients. Totowa (NJ): Humana Press; 2006. p. 7394.
  • 30
    Molgaard C, Thomsen BL, Michaelsen KF. Influence of weight, age and puberty on bone size and bone mineral content in healthy children and adolescents. Acta Paediatr 1998; 87: 4949.
  • 31
    Katzman DK, Bachrach LK, Carter DR, Marcus R. Clinical and anthropometric correlates of bone mineral acquisition in healthy adolescent girls. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1991; 73: 13329.
  • 32
    Schoenau E. The “functional muscle-bone unit”: a two-step algorithm in pediatric bone disease. Pediatr Nephrol 2005; 20: 3569.
  • 33
    Burnham JM, Leonard MB. Bone disease in pediatric rheumatologic disorders [review]. Curr Rheumatol Rep 2004; 6: 708.
  • 34
    Welten DC, Kemper HC, Post GB, Van Mechelen W, Twisk J, Lips P, et al. Weight-bearing activity during youth is a more important factor for peak bone mass than calcium intake. J Bone Miner Res 1994; 9: 108996.
  • 35
    Andreassen H, Hylander E, Rix M. Gender, age, and body weight are the major predictive factors for bone mineral density in Crohn's disease: a case-control cross-sectional study of 113 patients. Am J Gastroenterol 1999; 94: 8248.
    Direct Link:
  • 36
    Gattorno M, Picco P, Vignola S, Stalla F, Buoncompagni A, Pistoia V. Serum interleukin 12 concentration in juvenile chronic arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 1998; 57: 4258.
  • 37
    Rall LC, Rosen CJ, Dolnikowski G, Hartman WJ, Lundgren N, Abad LW, et al. Protein metabolism in rheumatoid arthritis and aging: effects of muscle strength training and tumor necrosis factor α. Arthritis Rheum 1996; 39: 111524.