SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Redlich K, Ziegler S, Kiener HP, Spitzauer S, Stohlawetz P, Bernecker P, et al. Bone mineral density and biochemical parameters of bone metabolism in female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Ann Rheum Dis 2000; 59: 30810.
  • 2
    Ramsey-Goldman R, Dunn JE, Huang CF, Dunlop D, Rairie JE, Fitzgerald S, et al. Frequency of fractures in women with systemic lupus erythematosus: comparison with United States population data. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 88290.
  • 3
    Kalla AA, Fataar AB, Jessop SJ, Bewerunge L. Loss of trabecular bone mineral density in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 1993; 36: 172634.
  • 4
    Kalla AA, Meyers OL, Parkyn ND, Kotze TJ. Osteoporosis screening: radiogrammetry revisited. Br J Rheumatol 1989; 28: 5117.
  • 5
    Kalla AA, van Wyk Kotze TJ, Meyers OL. Metacarpal bone mass in systemic lupus erythematosus. Clin Rheumatol 1992; 11: 47582.
  • 6
    Houssiau FA, Lefebvre C, Depresseux G, Lambert M, Devogelaer JP, Nagant de Deuxchaisnes C. Trabecular and cortical bone loss in systemic lupus erythematosus. Br J Rheumatol 1996; 35: 2447.
  • 7
    Ettinger B, Sidney S, Cummings SR, Libanati C, Bikle DD, Tekawa IS, et al. Racial differences in bone density between young adult black and white subjects persist after adjustment for anthropometric, lifestyle, and biochemical differences. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1997; 82: 42934.
  • 8
    Finkelstein JS, Lee ML, Sowers M, Ettinger B, Neer RM, Kelsey JL, et al. Ethnic variation in bone density in premenopausal and early perimenopausal women: effects of anthropometric and lifestyle factors. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002; 87: 305767.
  • 9
    Baron JA, Barrett J, Malenka D, Fisher E, Kniffin W, Bubolz T, et al. Racial differences in fracture risk. Epidemiology 1994; 5: 427.
  • 10
    Lakshminarayanan S, Walsh S, Mohanraj M, Rothfield N. Factors associated with low bone mineral density in female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 2001; 28: 1028.
  • 11
    Li EK, Tam LS, Young RP, Ko GT, Li M, Lau EM. Loss of bone mineral density in Chinese pre-menopausal women with systemic lupus erythematosus treated with corticosteroids. Br J Rheumatol 1998; 37: 40510.
  • 12
    Mok CC, Mak A, Ma KM. Bone mineral density in postmenopausal Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 2005; 14: 10612.
  • 13
    Tan EM, Cohen AS, Fries JF, Masi AT, McShane DJ, Rothfield NF, et al. The 1982 revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 1982; 25: 12717.
  • 14
    Hochberg MC, for the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Criteria Committee of the American College of Rheumatology. Updating the American College of Rheumatology revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus [letter]. Arthritis Rheum 1997; 40: 1725.
  • 15
    Gladman D, Ginzler E, Goldsmith C, Fortin P, Liang M, Urowitz M, et al. Systemic lupus international collaborative clinics: development of a damage index in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 1992; 19: 18201.
  • 16
    Chiodini I, Carnevale V, Torlontano M, Fusilli S, Guglielmi G, Pileri M, et al. Alterations of bone turnover and bone mass at different skeletal sites due to pure glucocorticoid excess: study in eumenorrheic patients with Cushing's syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1998; 83: 18637.
  • 17
    Kipen Y, Briganti E, Strauss B, Will R, Littlejohn G, Morand E. Three year followup of bone mineral density change in premenopausal women with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 1999; 26: 3107.
  • 18
    Jardinet D, Lefebvre C, Depresseux G, Lambert M, Devogelaer JP, Houssiau FA. Longitudinal analysis of bone mineral density in pre-menopausal female systemic lupus erythematosus patients: deleterious role of glucocorticoid therapy at the lumbar spine. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2000; 39: 38992.
  • 19
    Aloia JF, Vaswani A, Yeh JK, Flaster E. Risk for osteoporosis in black women. Calcif Tissue Int 1996; 59: 41523.
  • 20
    Yee CS, Crabtree N, Skan J, Amft N, Bowman S, Situnayake D, et al. Prevalence and predictors of fragility fractures in systemic lupus erythematosus. Ann Rheum Dis 2005; 64: 1113.
  • 21
    Writing Group for the ISCD Position Development Conference. Diagnosis of osteoporosis in men, premenopausal women, and children. J Clin Densitom 2004; 7: 1726.
  • 22
    Sinigaglia L, Varenna M, Binelli L, Zucchi F, Ghiringhella D, Gallazzi M, et al. Determinants of bone mass in systemic lupus erythematosus: a cross sectional study on premenopausal women. J Rheumatol 1999; 26: 12804.
  • 23
    Pineau CA, Urowitz MB, Fortin PJ, Ibanez D, Gladman DD. Osteoporosis in systemic lupus erythematosus: factors associated with referral for bone mineral density studies, prevalence of osteoporosis and factors associated with reduced bone density. Lupus 2004; 13: 43641.
  • 24
    Holick MF, Siris ES, Binkley N, Beard MK, Khan A, Katzer JT, et al. Prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy among postmenopausal North American women receiving osteoporosis therapy. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005; 90: 321524.