• 1
    Herberts P, Kadefors R, Andersson G, Petersen I. Shoulder pain in industry: an epidemiological study on welders. Acta Orthop Scand 1981; 52: 299306.
  • 2
    Van der Windt DA, Koes BW, de Jong BA, Bouter LM. Shoulder disorders in general practice: incidence, patient characteristics, and management. Ann Rheum Dis 1995; 54: 95964.
  • 3
    Schenkman M, De Cartaya VR. Kinesiology of the shoulder complex. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1987; 8: 43850.
  • 4
    Lo YP, Hsu YC, Chan KM. Epidemiology of shoulder impingement in upper arm sports events. Br J Sports Med 1990; 24: 1737.
  • 5
    Luime JJ, Koes BW, Hendriksen IJ, Burdorf A, Verhagen AP, Miedema HS, et al. Prevalence and incidence of shoulder pain in the general population: a systematic review. Scand J Rheumatol 2004; 33: 7381.
  • 6
    DeLorme TL. Restoration of muscle power by heavy-resistance exercises. J Bone Joint Surg 1945; 27: 64567.
  • 7
    Kraemer WJ, Adams K, Cafarelli E, Dudley GA, Dooly C, Feigenbaum MS, et al, and the American College of Sports Medicine. American College of Sports Medicine position stand: progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002; 34: 36480.
  • 8
    Jette AM, Delitto A. Physical therapy treatment choices for musculoskeletal impairments. Phys Ther 1997; 77: 14554.
  • 9
    Taylor NF, Dodd KJ, Damiano DL. Progressive resistance exercise in physical therapy: a summary of systematic reviews. Phys Ther 2005; 85: 120823.
  • 10
    Latham N, Anderson C, Bennett D, Stretton C. Progressive resistance strength training for physical disability in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003; 2: CD002759.
  • 11
    Desmeules F, Cote CH, Fremont P. Therapeutic exercise and orthopedic manual therapy for impingement syndrome: a systematic review. Clin J Sport Med 2003; 13: 17682.
  • 12
    Michener LA, Walsworth MK, Burnet EN. Effectiveness of rehabilitation for patients with subacromial impingement syndrome: a systematic review. J Hand Ther 2004; 17: 15264.
  • 13
    Green S, Buchbinder R, Hetrick S. Physiotherapy interventions for shoulder pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003; 2: CD004258.
  • 14
    Neer CS II. Impingement lesions. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1983; 173: 707.
  • 15
    MacDonald PB, Clark P, Sutherland K. An analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of the Hawkins and Neer subacromial impingement signs. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2000; 9: 299301.
  • 16
    Huskisson EC, Jones J, Scott PJ. Application of visual-analogue scales to the measurement of functional capacity. Rheumatol Rehabil 1976; 15: 1857.
  • 17
    Orfale AG, Araujo PM, Ferraz MB, Natour J. Translation into Brazilian Portuguese, cultural adaptation and evaluation of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire. Braz J Med Biol Res 2005; 38: 293302.
  • 18
    Ciconelli RM, Ferraz MB, Santos W, Meinao IR, Quaresma MR. Tradução para língua portuguesa e validação do questionário genérico de qualidade vida SF-36 (Brasil SF-36). Rev Bras Reumatol 1999; 39: 14350.
  • 19
    Riddle DL, Rothstein JM, Lamb RL. Goniometric reliability in a clinical setting: shoulder measurements. Phys Ther 1987; 67: 66873.
  • 20
    Leroux JL, Hebert P, Mouilleron P, Thomas E, Bonnel F, Blotman F. Postoperative shoulder rotators strength in stages II and III impingement syndrome. Clin Orthop Relat Res 1995; 320: 4654.
  • 21
    Conroy DE, Hayes KW. The effect of joint mobilization as a component of comprehensive treatment for primary shoulder impingement syndrome. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1998; 28: 314.
  • 22
    Winer BJ. Statistical principles in experimental design. 2nd ed. Tokyo: McGraw-Hill; 1971.
  • 23
    Agresti A. Categorical data analysis. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 2002.
  • 24
    Kelley GA, Kelley KS. Progressive resistance exercise and resting blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Hypertension 2000; 35: 83843.
  • 25
    O'Shea SD, Taylor NF, Paratz J. Peripheral muscle strength training in COPD: a systematic review. Chest 2004; 126: 90314.
  • 26
    Van Baar ME, Assendelft WJ, Dekker J, Oostendorp RA, Bijlsma JW. Effectiveness of exercise therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 13619.
  • 27
    Liddle SD, Baxter GD, Gracey JH. Exercise and chronic low back pain: what works? [published erratum appears in Pain 2004;109:200–1]. Pain 2004; 107: 17690.
  • 28
    Morris SL, Dodd KJ, Morris ME. Outcomes of progressive resistance strength training following stroke: a systematic review. Clin Rehabil 2004; 18: 2739.
  • 29
    Latham NK, Bennett DA, Stretton CM, Anderson CS. Systematic review of progressive resistance strength training in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2004; 59: 4861.
  • 30
    Brox JI, Staff PH, Ljunggren AE, Brevik JI. Arthroscopic surgery compared with supervised exercises in patients with rotator cuff disease (stage II impingement syndrome) [published erratum appears in BMJ 1993;307:1269]. BMJ 1993; 307: 899903.
  • 31
    Ginn KA, Herbert RD, Khouw W, Lee R. A randomized, controlled clinical trial of a treatment for shoulder pain. Phys Ther 1997; 77: 80211.
  • 32
    Winters JC, Sobel JS, Groenier KH, Arendzen HJ, Meyboom-De Jong B. Comparison of physiotherapy, manipulation, and corticosteroid injection for treating shoulder complaints in general practice: randomised, single blind study. BMJ 1997; 314: 13205.
  • 33
    Van der Windt DA, Koes BW, Deville W, Boeke AJ, de Jong BA, Bouter LM. Effectiveness of corticosteroid injections versus physiotherapy for treatment of painful stiff shoulder in primary care: randomised trial. BMJ 1998; 317: 12926.
  • 34
    Rahme H, Solem-Bertoft E, Westerberg CE, Lundberg E, Sorensen S, Hilding S. The subacromial impingement syndrome: a study of results of treatment with special emphasis on predictive factors and pain-generating mechanisms. Scand J Rehabil Med 1998; 30: 25362.
  • 35
    Andersen NH, Sojbjerg JO, Johannsen HV, Sneppen O. Self-training versus physiotherapist-supervised rehabilitation of the shoulder in patients treated with arthroscopic subacromial decompression: a clinical randomized study. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 1999; 8: 99101.
  • 36
    Brox JI, Gjengedal E, Uppheim G, Bohmer AS, Brevik JI, Ljunggren AE, et al. Arthroscopic surgery versus supervised exercises in patients with rotator cuff disease (stage II impingement syndrome): a prospective, randomized, controlled study in 125 patients with a 2 1/2-year follow-up. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 1999; 8: 10211.
  • 37
    Bang MD, Deyle GD. Comparison of supervised exercise with and without manual physical therapy for patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2000; 30: 12637.
  • 38
    Ludewig PM, Borstad JD. Effects of a home exercise programme on shoulder pain and functional status in construction workers. Occup Environ Med 2003; 60: 8419.
  • 39
    Hay EM, Thomas E, Paterson SM, Dziedzic K, Croft PR. A pragmatic randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injection and physiotherapy for the treatment of new episodes of unilateral shoulder pain in primary care. Ann Rheum Dis 2003; 62: 3949.
  • 40
    Walther M, Werner A, Stahlschmidt T, Woelfel R, Gohlke F. The subacromial impingement syndrome of the shoulder treated by conventional physiotherapy, self-training, and a shoulder brace: results of a prospective, randomized study. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2004; 13: 41723.
  • 41
    Haahr JP, Ostergaard S, Dalsgaard J, Norup K, Frost P, Lausen S, et al. Exercises versus arthroscopic decompression in patients with subacromial impingement: a randomised, controlled study in 90 cases with a one year follow up. Ann Rheum Dis 2005; 64: 7604.
  • 42
    Dickens VA, Williams JL, Bhamra MS. Role of physiotherapy in the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome: a prospective study. Physiotherapy 2005; 91: 15964.
  • 43
    Johansson KM, Adolfsson LE, Foldevi MO. Effects of acupuncture versus ultrasound in patients with impingement syndrome: randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther 2005; 85: 490501.
  • 44
    Jonsson P, Wahlstrom P, Ohberg L, Alfredson H. Eccentric training in chronic painful impingement syndrome of the shoulder: results of a pilot study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2006; 14: 7681.
  • 45
    Wang SS, Trudelle-Jackson EJ. Comparison of customized versus standard exercises in rehabilitation of shoulder disorders. Clin Rehabil 2006; 20: 67585.
  • 46
    Gabriel DA, Kamen G, Frost G. Neural adaptations to resistive exercise: mechanisms and recommendations for training practices. Sports Med 2006; 32: 13349.
  • 47
    Neer CS II. Anterior acromioplasty for the impingement syndrome in the shoulder: a preliminary report. J Bone Joint Surg 1972; 54: 4150.
  • 48
    Payne LZ, Deng XH, Craig EV, Torzilli PA, Warren RF. The combined dynamic and static contributions to subacromial impingement: a biomechanical analysis. Am J Sports Med 1997; 25: 8018.
  • 49
    Harryman DT II, Sidles JA, Clark JM, McQuade KJ, Gibb TD, Matsen FA III. Translation of the humeral head on the glenoid with passive glenohumeral motion. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1990; 72: 133443.
  • 50
    McClure PW, Bialker J, Neff N, Williams G, Karduna A. Shoulder function and 3-dimensional kinematics in people with shoulder impingement syndrome before and after a 6-week exercise program. Phys Ther 2004; 84: 83248.