Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders
Attributable risk of carpal tunnel syndrome according to industry and occupation in a general population
Article first published online: 29 AUG 2008
Copyright © 2008 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis Care & Research
Volume 59, Issue 9, pages 1341–1348, 15 September 2008
How to Cite
Roquelaure, Y., Ha, C., Nicolas, G., Pélier-Cady, M.-C., Mariot, C., Descatha, A., Leclerc, A., Raimbeau, G., Goldberg, M. and Imbernon, E. (2008), Attributable risk of carpal tunnel syndrome according to industry and occupation in a general population. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 59: 1341–1348. doi: 10.1002/art.24002
- Issue published online: 29 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 29 AUG 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Received: 6 NOV 2007
An epidemiologic surveillance network for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) was set up in the general population of a French region to assess the proportion of CTS cases attributable to work in high-risk industries and occupations.
Cases of CTS occurring among patients ages 20–59 years living in the Maine and Loire region were included prospectively from 2002 to 2004. Medical and occupation history was gathered by mailed questionnaire for 815 women and 320 men. Age-adjusted relative risks of CTS and the attributable risk fractions of CTS among exposed persons (AFEs) were computed in relation to industry sectors and occupation categories.
Twenty-one industry sectors and 8 occupational categories for women and 10 sectors and 6 occupational categories for men were characterized by a significant excess risk of CTS. High AFE values were observed in the manufacturing (42–93% for both sexes), construction (66% for men), and personal service industries (66% for women) and in the trade and commerce sectors (49% for women). High AFE values were observed in lower-grade white-collar occupations for women (43–67%) and blue-collar occupations for men (60–74%) and women (48–88%).
The attributable proportions of CTS cases among workers employed in industry sectors and occupation categories identified at high risk of CTS varied between 36% and 93%.