ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00613678.
Effects of activity strategy training on pain and physical activity in older adults with knee or hip osteoarthritis: A pilot study†
Version of Record online: 29 SEP 2008
Copyright © 2008 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis Care & Research
Volume 59, Issue 10, pages 1480–1487, 15 October 2008
How to Cite
Murphy, S. L., Strasburg, D. M., Lyden, A. K., Smith, D. M., Koliba, J. F., Dadabhoy, D. P. and Wallis, S. M. (2008), Effects of activity strategy training on pain and physical activity in older adults with knee or hip osteoarthritis: A pilot study. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 59: 1480–1487. doi: 10.1002/art.24105
- Issue online: 29 SEP 2008
- Version of Record online: 29 SEP 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 MAY 2008
- Manuscript Received: 31 JAN 2008
- National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research. Grant Number: K01-HD-045293
- Office of the Vice President for Research at the University of Michigan
To examine effects of activity strategy training (AST), a structured rehabilitation program taught by occupational therapists and designed to teach adaptive strategies for symptom control and engagement in physical activity (PA).
A randomized controlled pilot trial was conducted at 4 sites (3 senior housing facilities and 1 senior center) in southeastern, lower Michigan. Fifty-four older adults with hip or knee osteoarthritis (mean ± SD age 75.3 ± 7.1 years) participated. At each site, older adults were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 programs: exercise plus AST (Ex + AST) or exercise plus health education (Ex + Ed). The programs involved 8 sessions over 4 weeks with 2 followup sessions over a 6-month period, and were conducted concurrently within each site. Pain, total PA and PA intensity (measured objectively by actigraphy and subjectively by the Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors questionnaire), arthritis self-efficacy, and physical function were assessed at baseline and posttest.
At posttest, participants who received Ex + AST had significantly higher levels of objective peak PA (P = 0.02) compared with participants who received Ex + Ed. Although not statistically significant, participants in Ex + AST tended to have larger pain decreases, increased total objective and subjective PA, and increased physical function. No effects were found for arthritis self-efficacy.
Although participants were involved in identical exercise programs, participants who received AST tended to have larger increases in PA at posttest compared with participants who received health education. Future studies will be needed to examine larger samples and long-term effects of AST.