SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Bluestein HG. The central nervous system in systemic lupus erythematosus. In: LahitaRG, editor. Systemic lupus erythematosus. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1992. p. 63955.
  • 2
    West SG. Neuropsychiatric lupus. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 1994; 20: 12958.
  • 3
    West SG, Emlen W, Wener MH, Kotzin BL. Neuropsychiatric lupus erythematosus: a 10-year prospective study on the value of diagnostic tests. Am J Med 1995; 99: 15363.
  • 4
    Brey RL, Holliday SL, Saklad AR, Navarrete MG, Hermosillo-Romo D, Stallworth CL, et al. Neuropsychiatric syndromes in lupus: prevalence using standardized definitions. Neurology 2002; 58: 121420.
  • 5
    Carbotte RM, Denburg SD, Denburg JA. Prevalence of cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus. J Nerv Ment Dis 1986; 174: 35764.
  • 6
    Denburg SD, Carbotte RM, Denburg JA. Cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus: a neuropsychological study of individual and group deficits. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 1987; 9: 32339.
  • 7
    Emori A, Matsushima E, Aihara O, Ohta K, Koike R, Miyasaka N, et al. Cognitive dysfunction in systemic lupus erythematosus. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2005; 59: 5849.
  • 8
    Ginsburg KS, Wright EA, Larson MG, Fossel AH, Albert M, Schur PH, et al. A controlled study of the prevalence of cognitive dysfunction in randomly selected patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 1992; 35: 77682.
  • 9
    Glanz BI, Slonim D, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD, Gough J, Math M, et al. Pattern of neuropsychologic dysfunction in inactive systemic lupus erythematosus. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 1997; 10: 2328.
  • 10
    Hanly JG, Fisk JD, Sherwood G, Jones E, Jones JV, Eastwood B. Cognitive impairment in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 1992; 19: 5627.
  • 11
    Hay EM, Black D, Huddy A, Creed F, Tomenson B, Bernstein RM, et al. Psychiatric disorder and cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 1992; 35: 4116.
  • 12
    Kozora E, Thompson LL, West SG, Kotzin BL. Analysis of cognitive and psychological deficits in systemic lupus erythematosus patients without overt central nervous system disease. Arthritis Rheum 1996; 39: 203545.
  • 13
    Peralta-Ramirez MI, Coin-Mejias MA, Jimenez-Alonso J, Ortego-Centeno N, Callejas-Rubio JL, Caracuel-Romero A, et al. Stress as a predictor of cognitive functioning in lupus. Lupus 2006; 15: 85864.
  • 14
    Roebuck-Spencer TM, Yarboro C, Nowak M, Takada K, Jacobs G, Lapteva L, et al. Use of computerized assessment to predict neuropsychological functioning and emotional distress in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 2006; 55: 43441.
  • 15
    Sailer M, Burchert W, Ehrenheim C, Smid HG, Haas J, Wildhagen K, et al. Positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging for cerebral involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Neurology 1997; 244: 18693.
  • 16
    Sanna G, Bertolaccini ML, Cuadrado MJ, Liang H, Khamashta MA, Mathieu A, et al. Neuropsychiatric manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus: prevalence and association with antiphospholipid antibodies. J Rheumatol 2003; 30: 98592.
  • 17
    Utset TO, Fink J, Doninger NA. Prevalence of neurocognitive dysfunction and other clinical manifestations in disabled patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. J Rheumatol 2006; 33: 5318.
  • 18
    Wekking EM, Nossent JC, van Dam AP, Swaak AJ. Cognitive and emotional disturbances in systemic lupus erythematosus. Psychother Psychosom 1991; 55: 12631.
  • 19
    ACR Ad Hoc Committee on Neuropsychiatric Lupus Nomenclature. The American College of Rheumatology nomenclature and case definitions for neuropsychiatric lupus syndromes. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 599608.
  • 20
    Loukkola J, Laine M, Ainiala H, Peltola J, Metsanoja R, Auvinen A, et al. Cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus and neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus: a population-based neuropsychological study. J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2003; 25: 14551.
  • 21
    Koffler S. The role of neuropsychological testing in systemic lupus erythematosus. In: Lahita RG, editor. Systemic lupus erythematosus. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1987. p. 84753.
  • 22
    Mulherin D, Doherty E, O'Connell A, Bresnihan B. Assessment of cognitive function in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Ir J Med Sci 1993; 162: 912.
  • 23
    Carlomagno S, Migliaresi S, Ambrosone L, Sannino M, Sanges G, Di Iorio G. Cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus: a follow-up study. J Neurology 2000; 247: 2739.
  • 24
    Monastero R, Bettini P, Del Zotto E, Cottini E, Tincani A, Balestrieri G, et al. Prevalence and pattern of cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus patients with and without overt neuropsychiatric manifestations. J Neurol Sci 2001; 184: 339.
  • 25
    Kozora E, Ellison MC, West S. Reliability and validity of the proposed American College of Rheumatology neuropsychological battery for systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 51: 8108.
  • 26
    Hochberg MC. Updating the American College of Rheumatology revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus [letter]. Arthritis Rheum 1997; 40: 1725.
  • 27
    Bombardier C, Gladman DD, Urowitz MB, Caron D, Chang CH, and the Committee on Prognosis Studies in SLE. Derivation of the SLEDAI: a disease activity index for lupus patients. Arthritis Rheum 1992; 35: 63040.
  • 28
    First MB, Spitzer RL, Givvon M, Williams JB. Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-1): clinical version. New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute; 1997.
  • 29
    Sipe JC, Knobler RL, Barheny SL, Rice GP, Panitch HS, Oldstone MB. A neurologic rating scale (NRS) for use in multiple sclerosis. Neurology 1984; 34: 136872.
  • 30
    Koziol JA, Lucero A, Sipe JC, Romine JS, Beutler E. Responsiveness of the Scripps Neurologic Rating Scale during a multiple sclerosis clinical trial. Can J Neurol Sci 1999; 26: 2839.
  • 31
    Wechsler D. Weschler test of adult reading. San Antonio (TX): Psychological Corporation; 2001.
  • 32
    Wechsler D. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale: revised manual. San Antonio (TX): Psychological Corporation; 1981.
  • 33
    Reitan RM, Wolfson D. The Halstead-Reitan neuropsychology test battery. Tucson: Neuropsychological Press; 1988.
  • 34
    Golden CJ. Stroop Color and Word Test. Chicago: Stoelting; 1978.
  • 35
    Delis D, Kramer J, Kaplan E, Ober B. California verbal learning test. 2nd ed. San Antonio (TX): Psychological Corporation; 2000.
  • 36
    Meyers JE, Meyers KR. Rey complex figure test and recognition trial: professional manual. Odessa (FL): Psychological Assessment Resources; 1995.
  • 37
    Wechsler D. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. 3rd ed. San Antonio (TX): Psychological Corporation; 1997.
  • 38
    Borkowski JG, Benton AL, Spreen O. Word fluency and brain damage. Neuropsychologia 1967; 5: 13540.
  • 39
    Gronwall DM. Paced Auditory Serial Additional Test: a measure of recovery from concussion. Percept Motor Skills 1977; 44: 36773.
  • 40
    Lewis RF, Rennick PM. Manual for the Repeatable Cognitive-Perceptual-Motor Battery. Grosse Pointe Park (MI): Axon Publishing; 1979.
  • 41
    Gladsjo JA, Schuman CC, Evans JD, Peavy GM, Miller SW, Heaton RK. Norms for letter and category fluency: demographic corrections for age, education and ethnicity. Assessment 1999; 6: 14778.
  • 42
    Heaton R, Heaton S. Testing the impaired patient. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1981.
  • 43
    Beck AT, Steer RA, Brown GK. Manual for Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio (TX): Psychological Corporation; 1996.
  • 44
    Broadbent DE, Cooper PF, FitzGerald P, Parkes KR. The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) and its correlates. Br J Clin Psychol 1982; 21: 116.
  • 45
    Heaton RK, Miller W, Taylor MJ, Grant I. Revised comprehensive norms for an expanded Halsted-Reitan batter: demographically adjusted neuropsychological norms for African American and Caucasian adults manual. Lutz (FL): Psychological Assessment Resources; 2004.
  • 46
    Harrison MJ, Ravdin LD, Lockshin MD. Relationship between serum NR2a antibodies and cognitive dysfunction in systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 2006; 54: 251522.
  • 47
    Kozora E, Arciniegas DB, Filley CM, Ellison MC, West SG, Brown MS, et al. Cognition, MRS neurometabolites, and MRI volumetrics in non-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus: preliminary data. Cogn Behav Neurol 2005; 18: 15962.