• 1
    Burton W, Morrison A, Maclean R, Ruderman E. Systematic review of studies of productivity loss due to rheumatoid arthritis. Occup Med (Lond) 2006; 56: 1827.
  • 2
    Lacaille D, Sheps S, Spinelli JJ, Chalmers A, Esdaile JM. Identification of modifiable work-related factors that influence the risk of work disability in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 51: 84352.
  • 3
    Mau W, Bornmann M, Weber H, Weidemann HF, Hecker H, Raspe HH. Prediction of permanent work disability in a follow-up study of early rheumatoid arthritis: results of a tree-structured analysis using RECPAM. Br J Rheumatol 1996; 35: 6529.
  • 4
    Sokka T, Kautiainen H, Mottonen T, Hannonen P. Work disability in rheumatoid arthritis 10 years after the diagnosis. J Rheumatol 1999; 26: 16815.
  • 5
    Wolfe F, Hawley DJ. The longterm outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis: work disability. A prospective 18 year study of 823 patients. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 210817.
  • 6
    Yelin E, Henke C, Epstein W. The work dynamics of the person with rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1987; 30: 50712.
  • 7
    Jantti J, Aho K, Kaarela K, Kautiainen H. Work disability in an inception cohort of patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis: a 20 year study. Rheumatology (Oxford) 1999; 38: 113841.
  • 8
    Barrett EM, Scott DG, Wiles NJ, Symmons DP. The impact of rheumatoid arthritis on employment status in the early years of disease: a UK community-based study. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2000; 39: 14039.
  • 9
    Borg G, Allander E, Berg E, Brodin U, From A, Trang L. Auranofin treatment in early rheumatoid arthritis may postpone early retirement: results from a 2-year double blind trial. J Rheumatol 1991; 18: 101520.
  • 10
    Fex E, Larsson BM, Nived K, Eberhardt K. Effect of rheumatoid arthritis on work status and social and leisure time activities in patients followed 8 years from onset. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 4450.
  • 11
    Boden L, Biddle E, Spieler E. Social and economic impacts of workplace illness and injury: current and future directions for research. Am J Ind Med 2001; 40: 398402.
  • 12
    Lazarus RS. Some thoughts about stress and the work situation. In: LeviL, editor. Society, stress, and disease. Vol. 4. Working life. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1981. p. 548.
  • 13
    Linn MW, Sandifer R, Stein S. Effects of unemployment on mental and physical health. Am J Public Health 1985; 75: 5026.
  • 14
    Sokka T, Pincus T. Markers for work disability in rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol 2001; 28: 171822.
  • 15
    Cooper NJ. Economic burden of rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2000; 39: 2833.
  • 16
    Escorpizo R, Bombardier C, Boonen A, Hazes JM, Lacaille D, Strand V, et al. Worker productivity outcome measures in arthritis. J Rheumatol 2007; 34: 137280.
  • 17
    Li X, Gignac M, Anis A. The indirect costs of arthritis: estimates incorporating reduced performance and occupational changes. Med Care 2006; 44: 30410.
  • 18
    De Buck PD, Schoones JW, Allaire SH, Vliet Vlieland TP. Vocational rehab in patients with chronic rheumatic diseases: a systematic literature review. Semin Arthritis Rheum 2002; 32: 196203.
  • 19
    Lacaille D, White MA, Backman CL, Gignac MA. Problems faced at work due to inflammatory arthritis: new insights gained from understanding patients' perspective. Arthritis Rheum 2007; 57: 126979.
  • 20
    Mancuso CA, Paget SA, Charlson ME. Adaptations made by rheumatoid arthritis patients to continue working: a pilot study of workplace challenges and successful adaptations. Arthritis Care Res 2000; 13: 8999.
  • 21
    Gilworth G, Haigh R, Tennant A, Chamberlain MA, Harvey AR. Do rheumatologists recognize their patients' work-related problems? Rheumatology (Oxford) 2001; 40: 120610.
  • 22
    Straaton KV, Fine PR, White MB, Maisiak RS. Disability caused by work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Curr Opin Rheumatol 1998; 10: 1415.
  • 23
    Straaton KV, Fine PR. Addressing work disability through vocational rehabilitation services. Bull Rheum Dis 1997; 46: 13.
  • 24
    Green LW, Kreuter MW. Health promotion planning: an educational and environmental approach. 2nd ed. Mountain View (CA): Mayfield Publishing; 1991.
  • 25
    Lorig K, Laurin J, Gines GE. Arthritis self-management: a five-year history of a patient education program. Nurs Clin North Am 1984; 19: 63745.
  • 26
    Backman CL, Village J, Lacaille D. The Ergonomic Assessment Tool for Arthritis: development and pilot testing. Arthritis Rheum 2008; 59: 1495503.
  • 27
    Fries JF, Spitz PW, Young DY. The dimensions of health outcomes: the health assessment questionnaire, disability and pain scales. J Rheumatol 1982; 9: 78993.
  • 28
    Fransen J, Langenegger T, Michel BA, Stucki G. Feasibility and validity of the RADAI, a self-administered rheumatoid arthritis disease activity index. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2000; 39: 3217.
  • 29
    Wolfe F, Hawley DJ, Wilson K. The prevalence and meaning of fatigue in rheumatic disease. J Rheumatol 1996; 23: 140717.
  • 30
    Belza B. Comparison of self-reported fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis and controls. J Rheumatol 1995; 22: 63943.
  • 31
    Karasek RA, Theorell T. Healthy work: stress, productivity and the reconstruction of working life. New York: Basic Books; 1990.
  • 32
    Karasek R, Brisson C, Kawakami N, Houtman I, Bongers P, Amick B. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ): an instrument for internationally comparative assessments of psychosocial job characteristics. J Occup Health Psychol 1998; 3: 32255.
  • 33
    Karasek RA. The Job Content Questionnaire and user's guide, version 1.1 [computer software]. Los Angeles: University of Southern California; 1985.
  • 34
    Bye B, Schecter E. 1978 survey of disability and work: technical introduction, publication no. 13-11745. Washington, DC: US Social Security Administration; 1982
  • 35
    US Social Security Administration. User's manual: 1978 survey of disability and work, publication no. 13-11732. Washington, DC: US Social Security Administration; 1981.
  • 36
    Yelin E, Meenan R, Nevitt M, Epstein W. Work disability in rheumatoid arthritis: effects of disease, social and work factors. Ann Intern Med 1980; 93: 5516.
  • 37
    Allaire SH, Anderson JJ, Meenan RF. Reducing work disability associated with rheumatoid arthritis: identification of additional risk factors and persons likely to benefit from intervention. Arthritis Care Res 1996; 9: 34957.
  • 38
    Lorig K, Chastain RL, Ung E, Shoor S, Holman HR. Development and evaluation of a scale to measure perceived self-efficacy in people with arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1989; 32: 3744.
  • 39
    Lerner D, Amick BC 3rd, Rogers WH, Malspeis S, Bungay K, Cynn D. The Work Limitations Questionnaire. Med Care 2001; 39: 7285.
  • 40
    Walker N, Michaud K, Wolfe F. Work limitations among working persons with rheumatoid arthritis: results, reliability, and validity of the work limitations questionnaire in 836 patients. J Rheumatol 2005; 32: 100612.
  • 41
    Gilworth G, Chamberlain MA, Harvey A, Woodhouse A, Smith J, Smyth MG, et al. Development of a work instability scale for rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 49: 34954.
  • 42
    Beaton DE, Bombardier C, Gignac M, Solway S, Lacaille D, Govinda-Raj A. A direct comparison of the reliability and validity of five measures of at-work productivity loss in persons with inflammatory and osteo-arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 2006; 54 Suppl 9: S99.
  • 43
    Endicott J, Nee J. Endicott Work Productivity Scale (EWPS): a new measure to assess treatment effects. Psychopharmacol Bull 1997; 33: 136.
  • 44
    Turpin RS, Ozminkowski RJ, Sharda CE, Collins JJ, Berger ML, Billotti GM, et al. Reliability and validity of the Stanford Presenteeism Scale. J Occup Environ Med 2004; 46: 112333.
  • 45
    Koopman C, Pelletier KR, Murray JF, Sharda CE, Berger ML, Turpin RS, et al. Stanford Presenteeism Scale: health status and employee productivity. J Occup Environ Med 2002; 44: 1420.
  • 46
    Reilly MC, Zbrozek AS, Dukes EM. The validity and reproducibility of a work productivity and activity impairment instrument. Pharmacoeconomics 1993; 4: 35365.
  • 47
    Green LW, Frankish CJ. Theories and principles of health education applied to asthma. Chest 1994; 106(4 Suppl ): 219S30S.
  • 48
    Green LW, Frankish CJ, Wharf-Higgins J. Scientific basis for cardiovascular disease prevention and heart health promotion policy: psychosocial and community determinants. Can J Cardiol 1993; 9 Suppl D: 50D2D.
  • 49
    Gignac MA, Sutton D, Badley EM. Reexamining the arthritis-employment interface: perceptions of arthritis-work spillover among employed adults. Arthritis Rheum 2006; 55: 23340.
  • 50
    Backman CL, Del Fabro Smith L, Smith S, Montie PL, Suto M. Experiences of mothers living with inflammatory arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2007; 57: 3818.
  • 51
    Allaire SH, Li W, LaValley MP. Reduction of job loss in persons with rheumatic diseases receiving vocational rehabilitation: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 48: 32128.
  • 52
    De Buck PD, le Cessie S, van den Hout WB, Peeters AJ, Ronday HK, Westedt ML, et al. Randomized comparison of a multidisciplinary job-retention vocational rehabilitation program with usual outpatient care in patients with chronic arthritis at risk for job loss. Arthritis Rheum 2005; 53: 68290.
  • 53
    Chorus AM, Miedema HS, Wevers CW, van der Linden S. Work factors and behavioural coping in relation to withdrawal from the labour force in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 2001; 60: 102532.
  • 54
    Allaire S, Anderson J, Meenan R. Outcomes from the Job-Raising Program, a self-improvement model of vocational rehabilitation, among persons with arthritis. J Appl Rehabil Couns 1997; 2: 2631.
  • 55
    Lacaille D. Arthritis and employment research: where are we? Where do we need to go? J Rheumatol Suppl 2005; 72: 425.