• 1
    Gourley M, Miller FW. Mechanisms of disease: environmental factors in the pathogenesis of rheumatic disease. Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol 2007; 3: 17280.
  • 2
    Gallagher RP, Lee TK. Adverse effects of ultraviolet radiation: a brief review. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 2006; 92: 11931.
  • 3
    Dourmishev L, Meffert H, Piazena H. Dermatomyositis: comparative studies of cutaneous photosensitivity in lupus erythematosus and normal subjects. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2004; 20: 2304.
  • 4
    Burd CJ, Kinyamu HK, Miller FW, Archer TK. UV radiation regulates Mi-2 through protein translation and stability. J Biol Chem 2008; 283: 3497682.
  • 5
    Miller FW. Inflammatory myopathies: polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and related conditions. In: KoopmanWJ, MorelandLW, editors. Arthritis and allied conditions: a textbook of rheumatology. 15th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005. p. 1593620.
  • 6
    Okada S, Weatherhead E, Targoff IN, Wesley R, Miller FW, for the International Myositis Collaborative Study Group. Global surface ultraviolet radiation intensity may modulate the clinical and immunologic expression of autoimmune muscle disease. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 48: 228593.
  • 7
    Subcommittee for Scleroderma Criteria of the American Rheumatism Association Diagnostic and Therapeutic Criteria Committee. Preliminary criteria for the classification of systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Arthritis Rheum 1980; 23: 58190.
  • 8
    Tadokoro T, Yamaguchi Y, Batzer J, Coelho SG, Zmudzka BZ, Miller SA, et al. Mechanisms of skin tanning in different racial/ethnic groups in response to ultraviolet radiation. J Invest Dermatol 2005; 124: 132632.
  • 9
    Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S. Applied logistic regression. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1989.
  • 10
    Chinoy H, Fertig N, Oddis CV, Ollier WE, Cooper RG. The diagnostic utility of myositis autoantibody testing for predicting the risk of cancer-associated myositis. Ann Rheum Dis 2007; 66: 13459.
  • 11
    Yamaguchi Y, Takahashi K, Zmudzka BZ, Kornhauser A, Miller SA, Tadokoro T, et al. Human skin responses to UV radiation: pigment in the upper epidermis protects against DNA damage in the lower epidermis and facilitates apoptosis. FASEB J 2006; 20: 14868.
  • 12
    Hiramoto K, Tanaka H, Yanagihara N, Sato EF, Inoue M. Effect of 17β-estradiol on immunosuppression induced by ultraviolet B irradiation. Arch Dermatol Res 2004; 295: 30711.
  • 13
    Damian DL, Patterson CR, Stapelberg M, Park J, Barnetson RS, Halliday GM. UV radiation-induced immunosuppression is greater in men and prevented by topical nicotinamide. J Invest Dermatol 2008; 128: 44754.
  • 14
    Murphy GM. Ultraviolet radiation and its effects on the immune system. Clin Exp Dermatol 2000; 25: 1623.
  • 15
    Grundtman C, Lundberg IE. Pathogenesis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Curr Rheumatol Rep 2006; 8: 18895.