SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Dalakas MC, Hohlfeld R. Polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Lancet 2003; 362: 97182.
  • 2
    Page G, Chevrel G, Miossec P. Anatomic localization of immature and mature dendritic cell subsets in dermatomyositis and polymyositis: interaction with chemokines and Th1 cytokine-producing cells. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 50: 199208.
  • 3
    Chevrel G, Page G, Granet C, Streichenberger N, Varennes A, Miossec P. Interleukin-17 increases the effects of IL-1β on muscle cells: arguments for the role of T cells in the pathogenesis of myositis. J Neuroimmunol 2003; 137: 12533.
  • 4
    Leadbetter EA, Rifkin IR, Hohlbaum AM, Beaudette BC, Shlomchik MJ, Marshak-Rothstein A. Chromatin-IgG complexes activate B cells by dual engagement of IgM and Toll-like receptors. Nature 2002; 416: 6037.
  • 5
    Lau CM, Broughton C, Tabor AS, Akira S, Flavell RA, Mamula MJ, et al. RNA-associated autoantigens activate B cells by combined B cell antigen receptor/Toll-like receptor 7 engagement. J Exp Med 2005; 202: 11717.
  • 6
    Brentano F, Schorr O, Gay RE, Gay S, Kyburz D. RNA released from necrotic synovial fluid cells activates rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts via TOLL-like receptor 3. Arthritis Rheum 2005; 52: 265665.
  • 7
    Patole PS, Grone HJ, Segerer S, Ciubar R, Belemezova E, Henger A, et al. Viral double-stranded RNA aggravates lupus nephritis through Toll-like receptor 3 on glomerular mesangial cells and antigen-presenting cells. J Am Soc Nephrol 2005; 16: 132638.
  • 8
    Doughty LA, Carlton S, Galen B, Cooma-Ramberan I, Chung CS, Ayala A. Activation of common antiviral pathways can potentiate inflammatory responses to septic shock. Shock 2006; 26: 18794.
  • 9
    Bohan A, Peter JB. Polymyositis and dermatomyositis. N Engl J Med 1975; 292: 3447.
  • 10
    Stewart JD, Masi TL, Cumming AE, Molnar GM, Wentwoth BM, Sampath K, et al. Characterization of proliferating human skeletal muscle-derived cells in vitro: differential modulation of myoblast markers by TGF-β2. J Cell Physiol 2003; 196: 708.
  • 11
    Nagaraju K, Raben N, Loeffler L, Parker T, Rochon PJ, Lee E, et al. Conditional up-regulation of MHC class I in skeletal muscle leads to self-sustaining autoimmune myositis and myositis-specific autoantibodies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000; 97: 920914.
  • 12
    Nagaraju K, Raben N, Merritt G, Loeffler L, Kirk K, Plotz P. A variety of cytokines and immunologically relevant surface molecules are expressed by normal human skeletal muscle cells under proinflammatory stimuli. Clin Exp Immunol 1998; 113: 40714.
  • 13
    Schreiner B, Voss J, Wischhusen J, Dombrowski Y, Steinle A, Lochmuller H, et al. Expression of toll-like receptors by human muscle cells in vitro and in vivo: TLR3 is highly expressed in inflammatory and HIV myopathies, mediates IL-8 release and up-regulation of NKG2D-ligands. FASEB J 2006; 20: 11820.
  • 14
    Illa I, Leon-Monzon M, Dalakas MC. Regenerating and denervated human muscle fibers and satellite cells express neural cell adhesion molecule recognized by monoclonal antibodies to natural killer cells. Ann Neurol 1992; 31: 4652.
  • 15
    Casciola-Rosen L, Nagaraju K, Plotz P, Wang K, Levine S, Gabrielson E, et al. Enhanced autoantigen expression in regenerating muscle cells in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. J Exp Med 2005; 201: 591601.
  • 16
    Miossec P. Interleukin-17 in fashion, at last: ten years after its description, its cellular source has been identified. Arthritis Rheum 2007; 56: 21115.
  • 17
    Jo C, Kim H, Jo I, Choi I, Jung SC, Kim J, et al. Leukemia inhibitory factor blocks early differentiation of skeletal muscle cells by activating ERK. Biochim Biophys Acta 2005; 1743: 18797.
  • 18
    Ebisui C, Tsujinaka T, Morimoto T, Kan K, Iijima S, Yano M, et al. Interleukin-6 induces proteolysis by activating intracellular proteases (cathepsins B and L, proteasome) in C2C12 myotubes. Clin Sci (Lond) 1995; 89: 4319.
  • 19
    Austin L, Burgess AW. Stimulation of myoblast proliferation in culture by leukaemia inhibitory factor and other cytokines. J Neurol Sci 1991; 101: 1937.
  • 20
    Chabaud M, Fossiez F, Taupin JL, Miossec P. Enhancing effect of IL-17 on IL-1-induced IL-6 and leukemia inhibitory factor production by rheumatoid arthritis synoviocytes and its regulation by Th2 cytokines. J Immunol 1998; 161: 40914.
  • 21
    Bettelli E, Carrier Y, Gao W, Korn T, Strom TB, Oukka M, et al. Reciprocal developmental pathways for the generation of pathogenic effector TH17 and regulatory T cells. Nature 2006; 441: 2358.