Drs. Serratì and Margheri contributed equally to this work.
Reduction of in vitro invasion and in vivo cartilage degradation in a SCID mouse model by loss of function of the fibrinolytic system of rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts
Article first published online: 31 AUG 2011
Copyright © 2011 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 63, Issue 9, pages 2584–2594, September 2011
How to Cite
Serratì, S., Margheri, F., Chillà, A., Neumann, E., Müller-Ladner, U., Benucci, M., Fibbi, G. and Del Rosso, M. (2011), Reduction of in vitro invasion and in vivo cartilage degradation in a SCID mouse model by loss of function of the fibrinolytic system of rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 63: 2584–2594. doi: 10.1002/art.30439
- Issue published online: 31 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 31 AUG 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 5 MAY 2011 10:32AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 APR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 19 MAY 2010
- Ente Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze and Istituto Toscano Tumori
Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), uPA receptor (uPAR), and PA inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) have pivotal roles in the proliferation and invasion of several cell types, including synovial fibroblasts (SFs). The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of controlling the invasion of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) SFs in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting uPA and uPAR.
Normal SFs, SFs from patients with RA, and SFs from patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) were used. The levels of uPA, uPAR, and PAI-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction analysis of messenger RNA. The activity of uPA was studied by zymography. Proliferation was measured by cell counting, and cell invasion was measured with a Boyden chamber assembled with Matrigel-coated porous filters. Human cartilage and RA SF implantation in the SCID mouse model of RA were used to study cartilage invasion in vivo.
RA SFs and PsA SFs overexpressed uPAR and as a result were more active than their normal counterparts in terms of both Matrigel invasion and proliferation. This effect was counteracted by a specific inhibitor of uPA enzymatic activity (WX-340) and by uPAR antisense treatment. The use of both WX-340 and uPAR antisense treatment in vitro showed cooperative effects in RA SFs that were more intense than the effects of either treatment alone. Significant inhibition of cartilage invasion was obtained in vivo with uPAR antisense treatment, while uPA inhibition was inefficient, either alone or in combination with antisense treatment.
The decrease in uPAR expression in RA SFs reduced invasion of human cartilage in vitro and in the SCID mouse model.