SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Block JA, Shakoor N. The biomechanics of osteoarthritis: implications for therapy. Curr Rheumatol Rep 2009; 11: 1522.
  • 2
    Andriacchi TP, Natarajan RN, Hurwitz DE. Musculoskeletal dynamics, locomotion, and clinical applications. In: Mow VC, Wilson CH, editors. Basic orthopaedic biomechanics. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1997. p. 3768.
  • 3
    Hurwitz DE, Ryals AR, Block JA, Sharma L, Schnitzer TJ, Andriacchi TP. Knee pain and joint loading in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. J Orthop Res 2000; 18: 5729.
  • 4
    Sharma L, Hurwitz DE, Thonar EJ, Sum JA, Lenz ME, Dunlop DD, et al. Knee adduction moment, serum hyaluronan level, and disease severity in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1998; 41: 123340.
  • 5
    Amin S, Luepongsak N, McGibbon CA, LaValley MP, Krebs DE, Felson DT. Knee adduction moment and development of chronic knee pain in elders. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 51: 3716.
  • 6
    Thorp LE, Wimmer MA, Block JA, Moisio KC, Shott S, Goker B, et al. Bone mineral density in the proximal tibia varies as a function of static alignment and knee adduction angular momentum in individuals with medial knee osteoarthritis. Bone 2006; 39: 111622.
  • 7
    Hurwitz DE, Sumner DR, Block JA. Bone density, dynamic joint loading and joint degeneraton: a review. Cells Tissues Organs 2001; 169: 2019.
  • 8
    Wada M, Maezawa Y, Baba H, Shimada S, Sasaki S, Nose Y. Relationships among bone mineral densities, static alignment and dynamic load in patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2001; 40: 499505.
  • 9
    Clarke S, Wakeley C, Duddy J, Sharif M, Watt I, Ellingham K, et al. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry applied to the assessment of tibial subchondral bone mineral density in osteoarthritis of the knee. Skeletal Radiol 2004; 33: 58895.
  • 10
    Shakoor N, Block JA, Shott S, Case JP. Nonrandom evolution of end-stage osteoarthritis of the lower limbs. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 31859.
  • 11
    Shakoor N, Hurwitz DE, Block JA, Shott S, Case JP. Asymmetric knee loading in advanced unilateral hip osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 48: 155661.
  • 12
    Altman R, Asch E, Bloch D, Bole G, Borenstein D, Brandt K, et al. Development of criteria for the classification and reporting of osteoarthritis: classification of osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Rheum 1986; 29: 103949.
  • 13
    Bellamy N, Buchanan WW, Goldsmith CH, Campbell J, Stitt LW. Validation study of WOMAC: a health status instrument for measuring clinically important patient relevant outcomes to antirheumatic drug therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. J Rheumatol 1988; 15: 183340.
  • 14
    Felson DT, Zhang Y, Hannan MT, Naimark A, Weissman BN, Aliabadi P, et al. The incidence and natural history of knee osteoarthritis in the elderly: the Framingham Osteoarthritis Study. Arthritis Rheum 1995; 38: 15005.
  • 15
    Bellamy N. Pain assessment in osteoarthritis: experience with the WOMAC osteoarthritis index. Semin Arthritis Rheum 1989; 18 Suppl 2: 147.
  • 16
    Theiler R, Sangha O, Schaeren S, Michel BA, Tyndall A, Dick W, et al. Superior responsiveness of the pain and function sections of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) as compared to the Lequesne-Algofunctional Index in patients with osteoarthritis of the lower extremities. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1999; 7: 5159.
  • 17
    Stucki G, Sangha O, Stucki S, Michel BA, Tyndall A, Dick W, et al. Comparison of the WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities) osteoarthritis index and a self-report format of the self-administered Lequesne-Algofunctional index in patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1998; 6: 7986.
  • 18
    McGrory BJ, Harris WH. Can the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index be used to evaluate different hip joints in the same patient? J Arthroplasty 1996; 11: 8414.
  • 19
    Pincus T, Koch GG, Sokka T, Lefkowith J, Wolfe F, Jordan JM, et al. A randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial of diclofenac plus misoprostol versus acetaminophen in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 44: 158798.
  • 20
    Andriacchi TP, Galante JO, Fermier RW. The influence of total knee-replacement design on walking and stair-climbing. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1982; 64: 132835.
  • 21
    Prodromos CC, Andriacchi TP, Galante JO. A relationship between gait and clinical changes following high tibial osteotomy. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1985; 67: 118894.
  • 22
    Andriacchi TP, Strickland AB. Gait analysis as a tool to assess joint kinetics. In: Berme E, Engin AE, Correia da Silva KM, editors. Biomechanics of normal and pathological human articulating joints. Doordrecht: Martiuns Nijhoff; 1985. p. 83.
  • 23
    Moisio KC, Sumner DR, Shott S, Hurwitz DE. Normalization of joint moments during gait: a comparison of two techniques. J Biomech 2003; 36: 599603.
  • 24
    Schipplein OD, Andriacchi TP. Interaction between active and passive knee stabilizers during level walking. J Orthop Res 1991; 9: 1139.
  • 25
    Schnitzer TJ, Popovich JM, Andersson GB, Andriacchi TP. Effect of piroxicam on gait in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Arthritis Rheum 1993; 36: 120713.
  • 26
    Hurwitz DE, Sumner DR, Andriacchi TP, Sugar DA. Dynamic knee loads during gait predict proximal tibial bone distribution. J Biomech 1998; 31: 42330.
  • 27
    Goker B, Sumner DR, Hurwitz DE, Block JA. Bone mineral density varies as a function of the rate of joint space narrowing in the hip. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 7358.
  • 28
    Thorp LE, Sumner DR, Wimmer MA, Block JA. Relationship between pain and medial knee joint loading in mild radiographic knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2007; 57: 125460.