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Abstract

Objective

To clarify the individual associations of joint space narrowing (JSN) and osteophytosis at the knee with quality of life (QOL) in Japanese men and women using a large-scale population-based cohort from the Research on Osteoarthritis Against Disability (ROAD) study.

Methods

The associations of minimum joint space width (JSW) and osteophyte area in the medial compartment of the knee with QOL parameters, such as the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), were examined. Minimum JSW and osteophyte area in the medial compartment of the knee were measured using a computer-aided system for the diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis.

Results

Of the 3,040 participants in the ROAD study, the present study included 2,039 participants age 40 years or older who completed the questionnaires (741 men and 1,298 women with a mean ± SD age of 68.6 ± 10.9 years). Multiple regression analysis after adjustment for age and body mass index showed that minimum JSW was significantly associated with scores on the pain domains of the WOMAC in men and women, while osteophyte area was significantly associated with scores on the physical function domains of the WOMAC in men and women.

Conclusion

The findings of this cross-sectional study using a large-scale population from the ROAD study indicate that JSN and osteophytosis are independently associated with QOL.