Drs. Jouzeau and Moulin contributed equally to this work.
The Peroxisome Proliferator–Activated Receptor γ Agonist Pioglitazone Preserves Bone Microarchitecture in Experimental Arthritis by Reducing the Interleukin-17–Dependent Osteoclastogenic Pathway
Article first published online: 27 NOV 2013
Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Volume 65, Issue 12, pages 3084–3095, December 2013
How to Cite
Koufany, M., Chappard, D., Netter, P., Bastien, C., Weryha, G., Jouzeau, J.-Y. and Moulin, D. (2013), The Peroxisome Proliferator–Activated Receptor γ Agonist Pioglitazone Preserves Bone Microarchitecture in Experimental Arthritis by Reducing the Interleukin-17–Dependent Osteoclastogenic Pathway. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 65: 3084–3095. doi: 10.1002/art.38130
- Issue published online: 27 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 27 NOV 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 27 AUG 2013 03:30PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 28 SEP 2012
- Arthritis Foundation Courtin
To investigate the effect of pioglitazone on inflammation-induced bone loss and changes in bone microarchitecture in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA), focusing on the contribution of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and the balance of RANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG).
Male Lewis rats sensitized with Freund's complete adjuvant were treated orally for 21 days with 30 mg/kg/day of pioglitazone or vehicle. Arthritis severity was evaluated by clinical and histologic examination. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed by dual x-ray absorptiometry. The therapeutic effect of pioglitazone on changes of the bone architecture was determined by micro–computed tomography (micro-CT). Levels of RANKL, OPG, and IL-17 were determined by serum immunoassay and by synovial tissue immunohistochemistry. Messenger RNA for IL-17 and retinoic acid receptor–related orphan nuclear receptor γt (RORγt) was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction and IL-17 promoter activity by gene-reporter assay.
Micro-CT analysis revealed that pioglitazone treatment reduced arthritis severity and bone erosion scores and increased BMD in comparison to vehicle treatment. Cortical bone thickness was preserved, although the major beneficial effect of pioglitazone was on indices of the trabeculae, especially trabecular separation. Pioglitazone reduced the ratio of RANKL to OPG, in both the serum and the inflamed synovium. Circulating levels of IL-17 were significantly reduced by pioglitazone treatment, as were the percentages of IL-17–positive cells, mainly polymorphonuclear cells, in the inflamed synovium. Induction of IL-17 was strictly dependent on the binding of RORγt to IL-17 promoter, and lentiviral overexpression of peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor γ (PPARγ) reduced the expression of RORγt.
Pioglitazone decreased the level of inflammatory bone destruction and protected the bone microarchitecture in rats with AIA by controlling the circulating and local expression of IL-17, with a subsequent decrease in the RANKL-to-OPG ratio. Along with the inhibition of RORγt expression after PPARγ overexpression, these findings provide evidence of the major contribution of reduced IL-17/RANKL-dependent osteoclastogenesis.