• 1
    Katz JN, Phillips CB, Baron JA, Fossel AH, Mahomed NN, Barrett J, et al.Association of hospital and surgeon volume of total hip replacement with functional status and satisfaction three years following surgery.Arthritis Rheum2003;48:5608.
  • 2
    Khatod M, Barber T, Paxton E, Namba R, Fithian D.An analysis of the risk of hip dislocation with a contemporary total joint registry.Clin Orthop Relat Res2006;447:1923.
  • 3
    Paterson JM, Williams JI, Kreder HJ, Mahomed NN, Gunraj N, Wang X, et al.Provider volumes and early outcomes of primary total joint replacement in Ontario.Can J Surg2010;53:17583.
  • 4
    Yasunaga H, Tsuchiya K, Matsuyama Y, Ohe K.High-volume surgeons in regard to reductions in operating time, blood loss, and postoperative complications for total hip arthroplasty.J Orthop Sci2009;14:39.
  • 5
    Katz JN, Barrett J, Mahomed NN, Baron JA, Wright RJ, Losina E.Association between hospital and surgeon procedure volume and the outcomes of total knee replacement.J Bone Joint Surg Am2004;86-A:190916.
  • 6
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rheumatoid arthritis. URL:
  • 7
    Sangha O.Epidemiology of rheumatic diseases [review].Rheumatology (Oxford)2000;39 Suppl 2:312.
  • 8
    Ravi B, Escott B, Shah PS, Jenkinson R, Chahal J, Bogoch E, et al.A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing complications following total joint arthroplasty for rheumatoid arthritis versus for osteoarthritis.Arthritis Rheum2012;64:383949.
  • 9
    Ravi B, Croxford R, Hollands S, Bogoch E, Paterson M, Kreder H, et al.Patients with rheumatoid arthritis are at increased risk for complications following total joint arthroplasty.Arthritis Rheumatol2014. E-pub ahead of print. In press.
  • 10
    Gravallese EM.Bone destruction in arthritis [review].Ann Rheum Dis2002;61 Suppl 2:ii846.
  • 11
    Dunbar RP, Alexiades MM.Decision making in rheumatoid arthritis: determining surgical priorities [review].Rheum Dis Clin North Am1998;24:3554.
  • 12
    Leslie BM.Rheumatoid extensor tendon ruptures [review].Hand Clin1989;5:191202.
  • 13
    Sivakumar B, Akhavani MA, Winlove CP, Taylor PC, Paleolog EM, Kang N.Synovial hypoxia as a cause of tendon rupture in rheumatoid arthritis.J Hand Surg Am2008;33:4958.
  • 14
    Jain A, Nanchahal J, Troeberg L, Green P, Brennan F.Production of cytokines, vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinases, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 by tenosynovium demonstrates its potential for tendon destruction in rheumatoid arthritis.Arthritis Rheum2001;44:175460.
  • 15
    Hart DA, Kydd AS, Frank CB, Hildebrand KA.Tissue repair in rheumatoid arthritis: challenges and opportunities in the face of a systemic inflammatory disease.Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol2004;18:187202.
  • 16
    Benjamin M, Toumi H, Ralphs JR, Bydder G, Best TM, Milz S.Where tendons and ligaments meet bone: attachment sites (‘entheses’) in relation to exercise and/or mechanical load [review].J Anat2006;208:47190.
  • 17
    McGonagle D, Wakefield RJ, Tan AL, D'Agostino MA, Toumi H, Hayashi K, et al.Distinct topography of erosion and new bone formation in Achilles tendon enthesitis: implications for understanding the link between inflammation and bone formation in spondylarthritis.Arthritis Rheum2008;58:26949.
  • 18
    Gough A, Sambrook P, Devlin J, Huissoon A, Njeh C, Robbins S, et al.Osteoclastic activation is the principal mechanism leading to secondary osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis.J Rheumatol1998;25:12829.
  • 19
    Mikuls TR, Saag KG, Curtis J, Bridges SL Jr, Alarcon GS, Westfall AO, et al.Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia among African Americans with early rheumatoid arthritis: the impact of ethnic-specific normative data.JAMA2005;97:115560.
  • 20
    Shimizu S, Shiozawa S, Shiozawa K, Imura S, Fujita T.Quantitative histologic studies on the pathogenesis of periarticular osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis.Arthritis Rheum1985;28:2531.
  • 21
    Hastings DE, Parker SM.Protrusio acetabuli in rheumatoid arthritis.Clin Orthop Relat Res1975;108:7683.
  • 22
    Mibe J, Imakiire A, Watanabe T, Fujie T.Results of total hip arthroplasty with bone graft and support ring for protrusio acetabuli in rheumatoid arthritis.J Orthop Sci2005;10:814.
  • 23
    Goldring SR.Periarticular bone changes in rheumatoid arthritis: pathophysiological implications and clinical utility [published erratum appears in Ann Rheum Dis 2009;68:1080].Ann Rheum Dis2009;68:2979.
  • 24
    Green MJ, Deodhar AA.Bone changes in early rheumatoid arthritis [review].Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol2001;15:10523.
  • 25
    Widdifield J, Bernatsky S, Paterson JM, Tu K, Ng R, Thorne JC, et al.Accuracy of Canadian health administrative databases in identifying patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a validation study using the medical records of rheumatologists.Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)2013;65:158291.
  • 26
    Agabiti N, Picciotto S, Cesaroni G, Bisanti L, Forastiere F, Onorati R, et al, on behalf of the Italian Study Group on Inequalities in Health Care.The influence of socioeconomic status on utilization and outcomes of elective total hip replacement: a multicity population-based longitudinal study.Int J Qual Health Care2007;19:3744.
  • 27
    Santaguida PL, Hawker GA, Hudak PL, Glazier R, Mahomed NN, Kreder HJ, et al.Patient characteristics affecting the prognosis of total hip and knee joint arthroplasty: a systematic review.Can J Surg2008;51:42836.
  • 28
    Kralj B.Measuring “rurality” for purposes of health-care planning: an empirical measure for Ontario.Toronto:Ontario Medical Association;2005.
  • 29
    Deyo RA, Cherkin DC, Ciol MA.Adapting a clinical comorbidity index for use with ICD-9-CM administrative databases.J Clin Epidemiol1992;45:6139.
  • 30
    Weiner JP, Abrams C.The Johns Hopkins ACG System: technical reference guide version 10.0.Baltimore:Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health;2011.
  • 31
    Vinet E, Kuriya B, Widdifield J, Bernatsky S.Rheumatoid arthritis disease severity indices in administrative databases: a systematic review.J Rheumatol2011;38:231825.
  • 32
    Lau RL, Perruccio AV, Gandhi R, Mahomed NN.The role of surgeon volume on patient outcome in total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review of the literature.BMC Musculoskelet Disord2012;13:250.
  • 33
    Choodari-Oskooei B, Royston P, Parmar MK.A simulation study of predictive ability measures in a survival model I: explained variation measures.Stat Med2012;31:262743.
  • 34
    Meek RM, Norwood T, Smith R, Brenkel IJ, Howie CR.The risk of peri-prosthetic fracture after primary and revision total hip and knee replacement.J Bone Joint Surg Br2011;93:96101.
  • 35
    Madsen OR, Sorensen OH, Egsmose C.Bone quality and bone mass as assessed by quantitative ultrasound and dual energy x ray absorptiometry in women with rheumatoid arthritis: relationship with quadriceps strength.Ann Rheum Dis2002;61:3259.
  • 36
    Chmell MJ, Scott RD.Total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: an overview.Clin Orthop Relat Res1999;366:5460.
  • 37
    Wright RC, Gillis CT, Yacoubian SV, Raven RB III, Falkinstein Y, Yacoubian SV.Extensor mechanism repair failure with use of bidirectional barbed suture in total knee arthroplasty.J Arthroplasty2012;27:1413.e14.
  • 38
    Lakstein D, Backstein DJ, Safir O, Kosashvili Y, Gross AE.Modified trochanteric slide for complex hip arthroplasty: clinical outcomes and complication rates.J Arthroplasty2010;25:3638.
  • 39
    Garner RW, Mowat AG, Hazleman BL.Post-operative wound healing in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Ann Rheum Dis1973;32:2734.
  • 40
    Samanta R, Shoukrey K, Griffiths R.Rheumatoid arthritis and anaesthesia [review].Anaesthesia2011;66:114659.
  • 41
    Peltomaa R, Paimela L, Kautiainen H, Leirisalo-Repo M.Mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated actively from the time of diagnosis.Ann Rheum Dis2002;61:88994.
  • 42
    Radovits BJ, Fransen J, Al Shamma S, Eijsbouts AM, van Riel PL, Laan RF.Excess mortality emerges after 10 years in an inception cohort of early rheumatoid arthritis.Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)2010;62:36270.
  • 43
    Chen YM, Chen LK, Lan JL, Chen DY.Geriatric syndromes in elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Rheumatology (Oxford)2009;48:12614.
  • 44
    Ward MM.Rheumatology visit frequency and changes in functional disability and pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.J Rheumatol1997;24:3542.
  • 45
    Katz JN, Mahomed NN, Baron JA, Barrett JA, Fossel AH, Creel AH, et al.Association of hospital and surgeon procedure volume with patient-centered outcomes of total knee replacement in a population-based cohort of patients age 65 years and older.Arthritis Rheum2007;56:56874.
  • 46
    Bourne RB, Chesworth BM, Davis AM, Mahomed NN, Charron KD.Patient satisfaction after total knee arthroplasty: who is satisfied and who is not?Clin Orthop Relat Res2010;468:5763.
  • 47
    Papakostidou I, Dailiana ZH, Papapolychroniou T, Liaropoulos L, Zintzaras E, Karachalios TS, et al.Factors affecting the quality of life after total knee arthroplasties: a prospective study.BMC Musculoskelet Disord2012;13:116.
  • 48
    Masonis JL, Bourne RB.Surgical approach, abductor function, and total hip arthroplasty dislocation.Clin Orthop Relat Res2002;405:4653.
  • 49
    McMinn D, Daniel J.History and modern concepts in surface replacement: proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, part H.J Eng Med2006;220:23951.
  • 50
    Kirk PG, Rorabeck CH, Bourne RB, Burkart B.Total hip arthroplasty in rheumatoid arthritis: comparison of cemented and uncemented implants.Can J Surg1993;36:22932.