Can anatomists teach living anatomy using ultrasound as a teaching tool?

Authors

  • Rosalyn A. Jurjus,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
    • Correspondence to: Dr. Rosalyn A. Jurjus, Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 461B Ross Hall, 2300 I Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA. E-mail: rajurjus@gwu.edu

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  • Kathryn Dimorier,

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
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  • Kirsten Brown,

    1. Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
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  • Frank Slaby,

    1. Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Biology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
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  • Hamid Shokoohi,

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
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  • Keith Boniface,

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
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  • Yiju Teresa Liu

    1. Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, Distinct of Columbia
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Abstract

The utilization of bedside ultrasound by an increasing number of medical specialties has created the need for more ultrasound exposure and teaching in medical school. Although there is a widespread support for more vertical integration of ultrasound teaching throughout the undergraduate curriculum, little is known about whether the quality of ultrasound teaching differs if performed by anatomists or clinicians. The purpose of this study is to compare medical students' evaluation of ultrasound anatomy teaching by clinicians and anatomists. Hands-on interactive ultrasound sessions were scheduled as part of the gross anatomy course following principles of adult learning and instructional design. Seven teachers (three anatomists and four clinicians) taught in each session. Before each session, anatomists were trained in ultrasound by clinicians. Students were divided into groups, rotated teachers between sessions, and completed evaluations. Results indicated students perceived the two groups as comparable for all factors except for knowledge organization and the helpfulness of ultrasound for understanding anatomy (P < 0.001). However, results from unpaired samples t-tests demonstrated a nonstatistically significant difference between the groups within each session for both questions. Moreover, students' test performance for both groups was similar. This study demonstrated that anatomists can teach living anatomy using ultrasound with minimal training as well as clinicians, and encourage the teaching of living anatomy by anatomists in human anatomy courses using ultrasound. Repeating this study at a multicenter level is currently being considered to further validate our conclusion. Anat Sci Educ 7: 340–349. © 2013 American Association of Anatomists.

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