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Stiff, Multistimuli-Responsive Supramolecular Hydrogels as Unique Molds for 2D/3D Microarchitectures of Live Cells

Authors

  • Harunobu Komatsu,

    1. Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto, 615-8510 (Japan), Fax: (+81) 92-383-2759
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  • Dr. Shinya Tsukiji,

    1. Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto, 615-8510 (Japan), Fax: (+81) 92-383-2759
    2. Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)
    3. Present address: Top Runner Incubation Center for Academia-Industry Fusion, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)
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  • Dr. Masato Ikeda,

    1. Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto, 615-8510 (Japan), Fax: (+81) 92-383-2759
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  • Prof. Itaru Hamachi

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto, 615-8510 (Japan), Fax: (+81) 92-383-2759
    2. Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)
    • Department of Synthetic Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto, 615-8510 (Japan), Fax: (+81) 92-383-2759

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Abstract

Supramolecular hydrogels constructed through molecular self-assembly of small molecules have unique stimuli-responsive properties; however, they are mechanically weak in general, relative to conventional polymer gels. Very recently, we developed a zwitterionic amino acid tethered amphiphilic molecule , which gave rise to a remarkably stiff hydrogel comparable with polymer-based agarose gel, retaining reversible thermal-responsive properties. In this study, we describe that rational accumulation of multiple and orthogonal noncovalent interactions in the supramolecular nanofibers of played crucial roles not only in the mechanical reinforcement but also in the multistimuli responsiveness. That is, the zwitterionic amino acid moiety and the C[BOND]C double bond unit of the hydrogelator can function as a pH-responsive unit and a light-responsive unit, respectively. We also demonstrated that this stiff and multistimuli-responsive supramolecular hydrogel is applied as a unique mold for 2D and 3D-patterning of various substances. More significantly, we succeeded in the fabrication of a collagen gel for spatial patterning, culturing, and differentiation of live cells by using hydrogel molds equipped with 2D/3D microspace channels (100–200 μm in diameter).

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