• emission;
  • fluorescence;
  • piezofluorochromism;
  • stimuli-responsive materials;
  • X-ray diffraction


New fluorescent compounds containing triphenylethylene and tetraphenylethylene moieties were synthesized, and their piezofluorochromic and aggregation-induced emission behaviors were investigated. The results show that all compounds exhibit aggregation-induced emission characteristics and only the crystalline compound possesses piezofluorochromic properties. The color, emission spectra, and morphological structures of the one piezofluorochromic compound exhibit reversibility upon grinding and annealing (or fuming) treatments. The piezofluorochromic behaviors are caused by a change between different modes of solid state molecular packing under external pressure. The single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the twisted conformation of the aggregation-induced emission compound leads to the formation of metastable crystal lattice with cavity which is readily destroyed under external pressure. A possible mechanism of piezofluorochromic phenomenon has been proposed.

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