High-Nitrogen-Based Pyrotechnics: Development of Perchlorate-Free Green-Light Illuminants for Military and Civilian Applications

Authors

  • Dr. Jesse J. Sabatini,

    Corresponding author
    1. US Army RDECOM-ARDEC, Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, Building 1515, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806 (USA), Fax: (+1) 973-724-7535
    • US Army RDECOM-ARDEC, Pyrotechnics Technology and Prototyping Division, Building 1515, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806 (USA), Fax: (+1) 973-724-7535

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  • James M. Raab,

    1. Department of Chemistry & Life Sciences, West Point Military Academy, West Point, NY 10996 (USA)
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  • Dr. Ronald K. Hann Jr.,

    1. Department of Chemistry & Life Sciences, West Point Military Academy, West Point, NY 10996 (USA)
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  • Dr. Reddy Damavarapu,

    1. US Army RDECOM-ARDEC, Energetics and Warheads Research and Development Division, Building 3028, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ 07806-5000 (USA)
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  • Prof. Dr. Thomas M. Klapötke

    1. Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU), Butenandtstrasse 5-13 (Haus D),D-81377 Munich (Germany)
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Abstract

The development of perchlorate-free hand-held signal illuminants for the US Army’s M195 green star parachute is described. Compared with the perchlorate-containing control, the optimized perchlorate-free illuminants were less sensitive toward various ignition stimuli while offering comparable burn times and visible-light outputs. The results were also important from the perspective of civilian fireworks because the development of perchlorate-free illuminants remains an important objective of the commercial fireworks industry.

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