Four new three-dimensional isostructural lanthanide–cadmium metal–organic frameworks (Ln–Cd MOFs), [LnCd2(imdc)2(Ac)(H2O)2]⋅H2O (Ln=Pr (1), Eu (2), Gd (3), and Tb (4); H3imdc=4,5-imidazoledicarboxylic acid; Ac=acetate), have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by IR, elemental analyses, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) analysis, and X-ray diffraction. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction shows that two LnIII ions are surrounded by four CdII ions to form a heteronuclear building block. The blocks are further linked to form 3D Ln–Cd MOFs by the bridging imdc3− ligand. Furthermore, the left- and right-handed helices array alternatively in the lattice. Eu–Cd and Tb–Cd MOFs can emit characteristic red light with the EuIII ion and green light with the TbIII ion, respectively, while both Gd–Cd and Pr–Cd MOFs generate blue emission when they are excited. Different concentrations of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions were co-doped into Gd–Cd/Pr–Cd MOFs, and tunable luminescence from yellow to white was achieved. White-light emission was obtained successfully by adjusting the excitation wavelength or the co-doping ratio of the co-doped Gd–Cd and Pr–Cd MOFs. These results show that the relative emission intensity of white light for Gd–Cd:Eu3+,Tb3+ MOFs is stronger than that of Pr–Cd:Eu3+,Tb3+ MOFs, which implies that the Gd complex is a better matrix than the Pr complex to obtain white-light emission materials.