Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 Nanojunction Systems with an Unusual Electron–Hole Transportation Pathway and Enhanced Photocatalytic Properties

Authors

  • Jun Xing,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127
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  • Zu Peng Chen,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127
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  • Fang Yuan Xiao,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127
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  • Xue Yan Ma,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127
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  • Ci Zhang Wen,

    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127
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  • Dr. Zhen Li,

    1. ARC Centre of Excellence for Functional Nanomaterials, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)
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  • Prof. Hua Gui Yang

    Corresponding author
    1. Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127
    2. Centre for Clean Environment and Energy, Gold Coast Campus, Griffith University, Gold Coast QLD 4222 (Australia)
    • Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 130 Meilong Road, Shanghai 200237 (P.R. China), Fax: (+86) 21-64252127

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Abstract

Multicomponent Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 nanojunction systems were successfully synthesized by a mild chemical process, and their structure and composition were thoroughly analyzed by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The as-prepared Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 (3 and 9 h) nanojunctions demonstrated higher photocatalytic activities under UV/Vis light irradiation in the process of the degradation of organic compounds than those of the Cu[BOND]Cu2O, Cu[BOND]TiO2, and Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 starting materials. Moreover, time-resolved photoluminescence spectra demonstrated that the quenching times of electrons and holes in Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 (3 h) is higher than that of Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 (9 h); this leads to a better photocatalytic performance of Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 (3 h). The improvement in photodegradation activity and electron–hole separation of Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 (3 h) can be ascribed to the rational coupling of components and dimensional control. Meanwhile, an unusual electron–hole transmission pathway for photocatalytic reactions over Cu[BOND]Cu2O[BOND]TiO2 nanojunctions was also identified.

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