Microstructure Analysis of a CO2 Copolymer from Styrene Oxide at the Diad Level

Authors

  • Guang-Peng Wu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China), Fax: (+86) 411-84986256
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • Yu-Ping Zu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China), Fax: (+86) 411-84986256
    2. China Haohua (Dalian) Research and Design Institute of Chemical Industry Co., Ltd, Dalian 116023 (China)
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • Peng-Xiang Xu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China), Fax: (+86) 411-84986256
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  • Wei-Min Ren,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China), Fax: (+86) 411-84986256
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  • Prof. Dr. Xiao-Bing Lu

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China), Fax: (+86) 411-84986256
    • State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China), Fax: (+86) 411-84986256

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Abstract

A large amount of interesting information on the alternating copolymerization of CO2 with terminal epoxides has already been reported, such as the regiochemistry of epoxide ring-opening and the stereochemistry of the carbonate unit sequence in the polymer chain. Moreover, the microstructures of CO2 copolymers from propylene oxide and cyclohexene oxide have also been well-studied. However, the microstructure of the CO2 copolymer from styrene oxide (SO), an epoxide that contains an electron-withdrawing group, has not yet been investigated. Herein, we focus on the spectroscopic assignment of the CO2 copolymer from styrene oxide at the diad level by using three kinds of model dimer compounds, that is, , , and . By comparing the signals in the carbonyl region, we concluded that the signals at δ=154.3, 153.8, and 153.3 ppm in the 13C NMR spectrum of poly(styrene carbonate) were due to tail-to-tail, head-to-tail, and head-to-head carbonate linkages, respectively. Moreover, various isotactic and syndiotactic model compounds based on , , and (dimers , , and ; , , and ; , , and ) were synthesized for the further spectroscopic assignment of stereospecific poly(styrene carbonate)s. We found that the carbonate carbon signals were sensitive towards the stereocenters on adjacent styrene oxide ring-opening units. These discoveries were found to be well-matched to the microstructures of the stereoregular poly(styrene carbonate)s that were prepared by using a multichiral CoIII-based catalyst system.

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