SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Carvalho LMV, Jones C, Silva Dias MAF. 2002. Intraseasonal large-scale circulations and mesoscale convective activity in Tropical South America during the TRMM-LBA campaign. Journal of Geophysical Research 107: 80428062 10.1029/2001JD000745.
  • Carvalho LMV, Jones C, Liebmann B. 2004. The South Atlantic Convergence Zone: persistence, intensity, form, extreme precipitation and relationships with intraseasonal activity. Journal of Climate 17: 88108.
  • Gan MA, Kousky VE, Ropelewski CF. 2004. The South America monsoon circulation and its relationship to rainfall over west-central Brazil. Journal of Climate 17(1): 4766.
  • Gan MA, Rao VB, Moscati CL. 2006. South American monsoon indices. Atmospheric Science Letters 6: 219223, DOI: 10.1002/asl.119.
  • Grimm AM, Vera C, Mechoso CR. 2005. The South American Monsoon System. In: The Global Monsoon System: Research and Forecast. ChangCP, WangB, LauNCG (eds). WMO/TD No. 1266 - TMRP 70: 219238.
  • Jones C, Carvalho LMV. 2002. Active and break phases in the South American Monsoon System. Journal Climate 15: 905914.
  • Jones C, Wallacer DE, Gautier C. 1998. The influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on ocean surface heat fluxes and sea surface temperature. Journal of Climate 11: 10571072.
  • Jones C, Waliser DE, Lau KM, Stern W. 2004. Global occurrences of extreme precipitation events and the Madden-Julian Oscillation: observations and predictability. Journal of Climate 17: 45754589.
  • Kalnay EM, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Zhu Y, Leetmaa A, Reynolds B, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Higgins W, Janowiak J, Mo KC, Ropelewski C, Wang J, Jenne R, Joseph D. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 77: 437471.
  • Kodama Y-M. 1992. Large-scale common features of subtropical precipitation zones (the Baiu Frontal Zone, the SPCZ, and the SACZ). Part I: characteristics of subtropical frontal zones. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 70: 813835.
  • Kousky VE. 1988. Pentad outgoing longwave radiation climatology for the South American sector. Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia 3: 217231.
  • Liebmann B, Marengo JA. 2001. The seasonality and interannual variability of rainfall in the Brazilian Amazon Basin. Journal of Climate 14(22): 43084318.
  • Madden RA, Julian PR. 1994. Observations of the 40–50 day tropical oscillation—A review. Monthly Weather Review 122: 814837.
  • North GR, Bell TL, Cahalan RF. 1982. Sampling erros in the estimation of Empirical Orthogonal Functions. Monthly Weather Review 110: 699706.
  • Ramage CS. 1971. Monsoon Meteorology. Academic Press: New York, 296.
  • Sugahara S. 1991. Interannual, seasonal and intraseasonal fluctuations of precipitation in São Paulo State (in Portuguese). PhD thesis, University of São Paulo, 140.
  • Vera C, Higgins W, Amador J, Ambrizzi T, Garreaud R, Gochis D, Gutzler D, Lettenmaier D, Marengo JA, Mechoso CR, Nogués-Paegle J, Silva Dias PL, Zhang C. 2006. Towards a unified view of the American Monsoon systems. Journal of Climate 19: 49775000.
  • Wang H, Fu R. 2002. Cross-equatorial flow and seasonal cycle of precipitation over South America. Journal of Climate 15: 15911608.
  • Wilks DS. 1995. Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences. Academic Press: New York, 468.
  • Xie P, Janowiak JE, Arkin PA, Adler R, Gruber A, Ferraro R, Huffman GJ, Curtis S. 2003. GPCP pentad precipitation analysis: an experimental dataset based on gauge observations and satellite estimates. Journal of Climate 16: 21972214.
  • Zhou J, Lau K-M. 1998. Does a monsoon climate exist over South America? Journal of Climate 11: 10201040.