In this paper, we consider a repairable system with minimal repairs whose number of repairs is a positive random variable with a given probability vector. Some preservation theorems and aging properties of repairable systems are established. Under the condition that at time t the system is working, a new random variable for the residual lifetime of the system is proposed. Some stochastic ordering results among the lifetimes and residual lifetimes of two systems are obtained. Similar results for coherent systems with independent components and exchangeable components were obtained in the previous literature. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.