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Keywords:

  • Sun: activity;
  • Sun: helioseismology;
  • Sun: magnetic fields;
  • Sun: oscillations;
  • sunspots

Abstract

Helioseismology is the study of the variations in the internal structure and properties of the dynamics of the Sun from measurements of its surface oscillations. With the 2010 launch of the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) we are undoubtedly approaching a new dawn for local helioseismology, as the extent and quality of raw surface oscillation data has never been better. However, advances in theory and modelling are still required to fully utilise these data, especially in magnetic active regions and sunspots, where the physics is poorly understood (© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)