• comets: general;
  • comets: individual (29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1)


As far as outbursts activity is concerned, the 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1 is the exceptional comet. This Centaur object shows quasi-regular flares with periodicities of 50 days (Trigo-Rodriguez et al. 2010). In the introductory part of the presented paper the most well-known hypotheses which try to explain this cometary behaviour are reviewed. The second, actual part of this paper presents the new model for the outburst activity of this comet. The model is based on the idea of Ipatov (2012), according to which there are large cavities below a considerable fraction of the comet's surface containing material under high gas pressure. In favourite conditions the surface layers over the cavities are thrown away and the interior of these cavities is exposed. Consequently, an outburst of the comet's brightness may be observed. The main characteristics of an outburst of this comet, the brightness jump, is calculated. Numerical simulations were carried out for wide range of possible cometary parameters. The obtained results are in good agreement with the observations. (© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)