Grant Sponsors: National Institutes of Health; Grant Numbers: T32-MH18921; P30HD15052; R01MH081873-01A1; RC1MH08972; R01HD065277.
Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample
Article first published online: 6 MAY 2014
© 2014 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 7, Issue 3, pages 381–391, June 2014
How to Cite
Gotham, K., Bishop, S. L., Brunwasser, S. and Lord, C. (2014), Rumination and Perceived Impairment Associated With Depressive Symptoms in a Verbal Adolescent–Adult ASD Sample. Autism Res, 7: 381–391. doi: 10.1002/aur.1377
Conflict of interest statement: Dr. Lord receives royalties from the publisher of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), and Drs. Gotham and Bishop receive royalties from the ADOS-2, the second edition of the measure described here. Drs. Lord, Bishop, and Gotham donate to charity all royalties from clinics and projects in which they are involved. Dr. Brunwasser has no conflicts of interest.
- Issue published online: 20 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 6 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 9 OCT 2013
- National Institutes of Health. Grant Numbers: T32-MH18921, P30HD15052, R01MH081873-01A1, RC1MH08972, R01HD065277
- autism spectrum disorders;
The aim of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and several psychosocial constructs (insight into autism symptoms, rumination, desire for social interaction, and satisfaction with social support) that may play a role in the development or maintenance of depression in verbally fluent adolescents and adults with ASD. Participants included 50 individuals with ASD and verbal IQ ≥ 70, aged 16–35 (sample size varied by measure). Elevated depressive symptoms on the Beck Depression Inventory, 2nd edition (BDI-II), were associated with greater self-perceived, autism-related impairments (n = 48), greater rumination (n = 21), and lower perceived social support (n = 37). Rumination tended to moderate the association between self-perceived autism symptoms and BDI-II scores (n = 21), and was significantly associated with ASD-related insistence on sameness behaviors (n = 18). An unexpected relationship between depressive features and social participation and motivation will need to be clarified by longitudinal research. These and similar findings contribute to our understanding of the phenomenology of depression in ASD, which is critical to the development of practical prevention and treatment. Autism Res 2014, 7: 381–391. © 2014 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.