Modifying behavioral phenotypes in Fmr1KO mice: genetic background differences reveal autistic-like responses
Article first published online: 25 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011, International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Special Issue: Mouse Models of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 40–56, February 2011
How to Cite
Spencer, C. M., Alekseyenko, O., Hamilton, S. M., Thomas, A. M., Serysheva, E., Yuva-Paylor, L. A. and Paylor, R. (2011), Modifying behavioral phenotypes in Fmr1KO mice: genetic background differences reveal autistic-like responses. Autism Res, 4: 40–56. doi: 10.1002/aur.168
- Issue published online: 15 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 25 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 OCT 2010
- Manuscript Received: 1 JUL 2010
- Administrative and Neurobehavioral Cores of the NIH/NICHD Baylor Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center and the Baylor Fragile X Research Center
- fragile X syndrome;
- animal model;
- mouse model
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited form of intellectual disability in humans. In addition to cognitive impairment, patients may exhibit hyperactivity, attention deficits, social difficulties and anxiety, and autistic-like behaviors. The degree to which patients display these behaviors varies considerably and is influenced by family history, suggesting that genetic modifiers play a role in the expression of behaviors in FXS. Several studies have examined behavior in a mouse model of FXS in which the Fmr1 gene has been ablated. Most of those studies were done in Fmr1 knockout mice on a pure C57BL/6 or FVB strain background. To gain a better understanding of the effects of genetic background on behaviors resulting from the loss of Fmr1 gene expression, we generated F1 hybrid lines from female Fmr1 heterozygous mice on a pure C57BL/6J background bred with male Fmr1 wild-type (WT) mice of various background strains (A/J, DBA/2J, FVB/NJ, 129S1/SvImJ and CD-1). Male Fmr1 knockout and WT littermates from each line were examined in an extensive behavioral test battery. Results clearly indicate that multiple behavioral responses are dependent on genetic background, including autistic-like traits that are present on limited genetic backgrounds. This approach has allowed us to identify improved models for different behavioral symptoms present in FXS including autistic-like traits.