Ph.D. at the University of Chicago Graduate School Business in 1981. He taught at Caltech and at Northwestern University' Kellogg Graduate School of Management, and is currently teaching decision sciences at the Wharton School. His research is mostly experimental tests of models of rational behavior in decisions, games and markets.
Illusory correlations in perceptions and predictions of organizational traits
Article first published online: 17 AUG 2006
Copyright © 1988 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Behavioral Decision Making
Volume 1, Issue 2, pages 77–94, April/June 1988
How to Cite
Camerer, C. (1988), Illusory correlations in perceptions and predictions of organizational traits. J. Behav. Decis. Making, 1: 77–94. doi: 10.1002/bdm.3960010203
- Issue published online: 17 AUG 2006
- Article first published online: 17 AUG 2006
- Manuscript Revised: 22 FEB 1988
- Manuscript Received: 23 JUL 1987
- Paget Research Chair at Northwestern's Kellogg Graduate School of Management
- Illusory correlations;
- Organization theory;
- Organizational traits;
- Systematic distortion hypothesis
People often believe in ‘illusory’ correlations between variables that are similar, but not actually correlated. This study suggests that judgments of organizational traits reflect illusory correlations, because subjects' perceptions of correlations between traits, and the predictions of Hage's (1965) ‘axiomatic’ theory, were more highly correlated with independent similarity ratings than with actual correlations between traits. Some methodological reasons why organizational-trait theories might unwittingly produce illusory correlation predictions are discussed, along with possible remedies.