An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 6th International Meeting on Experimental & Behavioral Economics (IMEBE), Bilbao, Spain in 2010.
Emotions, Risk Perceptions, and Precautionary Behavior Under the Threat of Terror Attacks: A Field Study Among Israeli College Students
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Behavioral Decision Making
Volume 25, Issue 3, pages 248–256, July 2012
How to Cite
Rosenboim, M., Benzion, U., Shahrabani, S. and Shavit, T. (2012), Emotions, Risk Perceptions, and Precautionary Behavior Under the Threat of Terror Attacks: A Field Study Among Israeli College Students. J. Behav. Decis. Making, 25: 248–256. doi: 10.1002/bdm.728
- Issue published online: 14 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 6 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Received: 25 MAR 2010
- risk perceptions;
- precautionary actions
The current study uses the unique data from a natural experiment conducted in a college located in southern Israel that was exposed to rocket attacks in 2008. The study examines the relationships between the negative emotions, the perceptions of risk to oneself, the precautionary actions, and the intentions of 290 students who were exposed to terror attacks while on campus. In addition, we compared the emotions, the risk perceptions, and the precautionary behavior between the two groups: those who lived within the range of the rockets and were also exposed to rocket attacks at home and those who lived outside the range of the rockets. The results show that the risk perceptions were affected mainly by the emotion of fear while the students were on campus. In particular, fearful people became more pessimistic about their general and personal risks from terror but not about routine risks. The results also reveal that those who lived outside the rocket area (and had less or no experience with terror attacks) were more likely to take precautionary actions during their stay in the campus and were more pessimistic about continuing their studies in college in the coming year than those living in the area, who had more experience with terror attacks. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.