SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Alexander G, Stevens D. 1980. Sympathetic innervation and the development of structure and function of brown adipose tissue: studies on lambs chemically sympathectomized in utero with 6-hydroxydopamine. J Dev Physiol 2: 119137.
  • Barnes M, Lapanowski K, Conley A, et al. 2003. High fat feeding is associated with increased blood pressure, sympathetic nerve activity and hypothalamic mu opioid receptors. Brain Res Bull 61: 211219.
  • Bartness T, Bamshad M. 1998. Innervation of mammalian white adipose tissue: implications for the regulation of total body fat. Am J Physiol 275: R1399R1411.
  • Grunberg NE. 1986. Nicotine as a psychoactive drug: appetite regulation. Psychopharmacol Bull 22: 875881.
  • Grunberg NE, Bowen DJ, Morse DE. 1984. Effects of nicotine on body weight and food consumption in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 83: 9398.
  • Grunberg NE, Winders SE, Popp KA. 1987. Sex differences in nicotine's effects on consummatory behavior and body weight in rats. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 91: 221225.
  • Henningfield JE, Obarzanek E, Benowitz NL, et al. 1992. Task force 2: methods and assessment, strategies for research. Health Psychol 11(Suppl): 1016.
  • Icenogle L, Christopher N, Blackwelder W, et al. 2004. Behavioral alterations in adolescent and adult rats after a brief subtoxic exposure to chlorpyrifos during neurulation. Neurotoxicol Teratol 26: 95101.
  • Klesges RC, Meyers AW. 1989. Smoking, body weight, and their effects on smoking behavior: a comprehensive review of the literature. Psychol Bull 106: 204230.
  • Landrigan PJ, Claudio L, Markowitz SB, et al. 1999. Pesticides and inner-city children: exposures, risks, and prevention. Environ Health Perspect 107(Suppl 3): 431437.
  • Levin ED, Briggs SJ, Christopher NC, Rose JE. 1993a. Prenatal nicotine exposure and cognitive performance in rats. Neurotoxicol Teratol 15: 251260.
  • Levin ED, Briggs SJ, Christopher NC, Rose JE. 1993b. Sertraline attenuates nicotine withdrawal-induced hyperphagia in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 44: 5161.
  • Levin ED, Wilkerson A, Jones JP, et al. 1996. Prenatal nicotine effects on memory in rats: pharmacological and behavioral challenges. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 97: 207215.
  • Levin ED, Slotkin TA. 1998. Developmental neurotoxicity of nicotine. In: SlikkerWJr, ChangLW, editors. Handbook of developmental neurotoxicology. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 587615.
  • Levin ED, Addy N, Nakajima A, et al. 2001. Persistent behavioral consequences of neonatal chlorpyrifos exposure in rats. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 130: 8389.
  • Levin ED, Addy N, Baruah A, et al. 2002. Prenatal chlorpyrifos exposure in rats causes persistent behavioral alterations. Neurotoxicol Teratol 24: 733741.
  • Levin E. 2004a. Fetal nicotinic impacts on weight gain later in life. In: Proceedings of the Twenty-First International Neurotoxicology Conference, Honolulu, HI. February 10–14, 2004.
  • Levin E. 2004b. Obesity as a target of behavioral toxicology. In: Behavioral Toxicology Society, Annual Meeting. April 28–30, 2004. Research Triangle Park, NC.
  • Mokdad A, Bowman B, Ford E, et al. 2001. The continuing epidemics of obesity and diabetes in the United States. JAMA 286: 11951200.
  • Navarro HA, Mills E, Seidler FJ, et al. 1990. Prenatal nicotine exposure impairs beta-adrenergic function: persistent chronotropic subsensitivity despite recovery from deficits in receptor binding. Brain Res Bull 25: 233237.
  • Power C, Jefferis BJ. 2002. Fetal environment and subsequent obesity: a study of maternal smoking. Int J Epidemiol 31: 413419.
  • Qiao D, Seidler FJ, Tate CA, et al. 2003. Fetal chlorpyrifos exposure: adverse effects on brain cell development and cholinergic biomarkers emerge postnatally and continue into adolescence and adulthood. Environ Health Perspect 111: 536544.
  • Seidler FJ, Levin ED, Lappi SE, Slotkin TA. 1992. Fetal nicotine exposure ablates the ability of postnatal nicotine challenge to release norepinephrine from rat brain regions. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 69: 288291.
  • Slotkin TA, Cousins ML, Tate CA, Seidler FJ. 2001. Persistent cholinergic presynaptic deficits after neonatal chlorpyrifos exposure. Brain Res 902: 229243.
  • Slotkin TA, Tate CA, Cousins MM, Seidler FJ. 2002. Functional alterations in CNS catecholamine systems in adolescence and adulthood after neonatal chlorpyrifos exposure. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 287: 163173.
  • Toschke A, Koletzko B, Slikker W Jr, et al. 2002. Childhood obesity is associated with maternal smoking in pregnancy. Eur J Pediatr 161: 445448.
  • von Kries R, Toschke AM, Koletzko B, Slikker W Jr. 2002. Maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood obesity. Am J Epidemiol 156: 954961.
  • Whyatt RM, Barr DB, Camann DE, et al. 2003. Contemporary-use pesticides in personal air samples during pregnancy and blood samples at delivery among urban minority mothers and newborns. Environ Health Perspect 111: 749756.
  • Widerøe M, Vik T, Jacobsen G, Bakketeig L. 2003. Does maternal smoking during pregnancy cause childhood overweight? Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 17: 171179.
  • Williams C, Kanagasabai T. 1984. Maternal adipose tissue response to nicotine administration in the pregnant rat: effects on fetal body fat and cellularity. Br J Nutr 51: 713.
  • Young JB, Morrison SF. 1998. Effects of fetal and neonatal environment on sympathetic nervous system development. Diabetes Care 21: B156B160.