Maternal overweight and obesity and the risk of neural tube defects: A case–control study in China
Article first published online: 11 MAR 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Volume 97, Issue 3, pages 161–165, March 2013
How to Cite
Gao, L.-J., Wang, Z.-P., Lu, Q.-B., Gong, R., Sun, X.-H. and Zhao, Z.-T. (2013), Maternal overweight and obesity and the risk of neural tube defects: A case–control study in China. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology, 97: 161–165. doi: 10.1002/bdra.23123
- Issue published online: 22 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 11 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 29 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 7 NOV 2012
- National Natural Science Foundation, China. Grant Number: 30901235
- Ministry of Science and Technology, China. Grant Number: 2006BA105A01
- case–control study;
- neural tube defect;
- risk factor
Studies have suggested that being obese before pregnancy is a risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs), while results of many studies are controversial. This study aims to explore the association between maternal overweight and obesity before pregnancy and risk of NTDs.
A 1:1 matched case–control study was conducted. Cases were 459 women who delivered infants or conceived fetuses with NTDs in two provinces of China and controls were 459 women with live-born infants, without an apparent congenital malformation, matched with cases by region, delivery hospital, and year of childbirth.
Compared with normal body weight, maternal obesity (body mass index, BMI ≥ 28 kg/m2) before pregnancy had a significant increased risk for NTDs as a group after adjusting for age, occupation, educational level, family income, parity, and use of folic acid (odds ratio, OR = 2.45; p < 0.05). No significant increase in NTD risk was found for maternal underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) and overweight (BMI from 24 to 28 kg/m2). For three subtypes of NTDs, anencephaly, spina bifida, and encephalocele, no significant increase in risk was found with maternal underweight, overweight, or obesity (all, p > 0.05).
Maternal obesity before pregnancy is associated with risk of NTDs and should be considered in maternal reproductive health care. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.