Numerical modeling of heat and mass transfer in the human eye under millimeter wave exposure
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 34, Issue 4, pages 291–299, May 2013
How to Cite
Karampatzakis, A. and Samaras, T. (2013), Numerical modeling of heat and mass transfer in the human eye under millimeter wave exposure. Bioelectromagnetics, 34: 291–299. doi: 10.1002/bem.21774
- Issue published online: 8 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 11 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Received: 24 JAN 2012
- millimeter wave radiation;
- human eye;
- numerical model;
- temperature rise;
- fluid dynamics
Human exposure to millimeter wave (MMW) radiation is expected to increase in the next several years. In this work, we present a thermal model of the human eye under MMW illumination. The model takes into account the fluid dynamics of the aqueous humor and predicts a frequency-dependent reversal of its flow that also depends on the incident power density. The calculated maximum fluid velocity in the anterior chamber and the temperature rise at the corneal apex are reported for frequencies from 40 to 100 GHz and different values of incident power density. Bioelectromagnetics 34:291–299, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.