Implantable and ingestible medical devices with wireless telemetry functionalities: A review of current status and challenges
Article first published online: 21 SEP 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 1–15, January 2014
How to Cite
Kiourti, A., Psathas, K. A. and Nikita, K. S. (2014), Implantable and ingestible medical devices with wireless telemetry functionalities: A review of current status and challenges. Bioelectromagnetics, 35: 1–15. doi: 10.1002/bem.21813
- Issue published online: 2 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 21 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 FEB 2013
- Operational Programme “Education and Lifelong Learning”
- European Union (European Social Fund - ESF)
- national funds
- ARISTEIA DEM-II-MED (“Implantable and Ingestible Medical Devices (IIMDs): Optimal-Performance-Oriented Design and Evaluation Methodology”).
- implantable antenna;
- ingestible antenna;
- implantable and ingestible medical devices;
- medical telemetry
Wireless medical telemetry permits the measurement of physiological signals at a distance through wireless technologies. One of the latest applications is in the field of implantable and ingestible medical devices (IIMDs) with integrated antennas for wireless radiofrequency (RF) communication (telemetry) with exterior monitoring/control equipment. Implantable medical devices (MDs) perform an expanding variety of diagnostic and therapeutic functions, while ingestible MDs receive significant attention in gastrointestinal endoscopy. Design of such wireless IIMD telemetry systems is highly intriguing and deals with issues related to: operation frequency selection, electronics and powering, antenna design and performance, and modeling of the wireless channel. In this paper, we attempt to comparatively review the current status and challenges of IIMDs with wireless telemetry functionalities. Full solutions of commercial IIMDs are also recorded. The objective is to provide a comprehensive reference for scientists and developers in the field, while indicating directions for future research. Bioelectromagnetics. 35:1–15, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.