Universal nuclear domains of somatic and germ cells: some lessons from oocyte interchromatin granule cluster and Cajal body structure and molecular composition
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 400–409, April 2009
How to Cite
Bogolyubov, D., Stepanova, I. and Parfenov, V. (2009), Universal nuclear domains of somatic and germ cells: some lessons from oocyte interchromatin granule cluster and Cajal body structure and molecular composition. Bioessays, 31: 400–409. doi: 10.1002/bies.200800100
- Issue published online: 20 MAR 2009
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2009
- Russian Foundation for Basic Research. Grant Numbers: 09-04-00723, 06-04-48904
- Cajal bodies;
- interchromatin granule clusters;
- nuclear domains;
- oocyte nucleus
It is now clear that two prominent nuclear domains, interchromatin granule clusters (IGCs) and Cajal bodies (CBs), contribute to the highly ordered organization of the extrachromosomal space of the cell nucleus. These functional domains represent structurally stable but highly dynamic nuclear organelles enriched in factors that are required for different nuclear activities, especially RNA biogenesis. IGCs are considered to be the main sites for storage, assembly, and/or recycling of the essential spliceosome components. CBs are involved in the biogenesis of several classes of small RNPs as well as the modification of newly assembled small nuclear RNA. We have summarized data on the molecular composition, structure, and functional roles of IGCs and CBs in the nuclei of mammalian somatic cells and oocytes of some animals with a special focus on insects. We have focused on similarities and differences between the IGCs and CBs of oocytes and the well-studied CBs and IGCs of cultured mammalian somatic cells. We have shown the heterogeneous character of oocyte IGCs and CBs, both in structure and molecular content. We have also demonstrated the unique capacity of oocytes to form close structural interactions between IGC and CB components. We proposed to consider these joint structures as integrated entities, sharing the features of both IGCs and CBs.